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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of working-age (18–64 years) respondents; and the subsets with and without musculoskeletal conditions (MSK)

From: Cross-sectional examination of musculoskeletal conditions and multimorbidity: influence of different thresholds and definitions on prevalence and association estimates

Characteristics Total % (n = 12,604) With MSK % (n = 4555) No MSK % (n = 8049) P value
Age group <0.01
 18–34 37.1 21.5 45.0  
 35–49 34.6 34.8 34.5  
 50–64 28.3 43.7 20.5  
Gender     0.82
 Female 50.1 50.3 50.0  
Place of birth     <0.01
 Australia 71.3 74.7 69.6  
Household equivalised income quintile <0.01
 First quintile 9.6 13.6 7.5  
 Second quintile 14.4 14.9 14.1  
 Third quintile 19.3 19.6 19.2  
 Fourth quintile 20.8 19.1 21.6  
 Fifth quintile 20.6 17.9 22.0  
 Not stated 15.3 14.8 15.6  
Education level <0.01
 Year 12 or less 43.5 43.3 43.6  
 Diploma/certificate 33.8 36.9 32.2  
 Bachelor or higher 22.8 19.8 24.2  
Hours worked <0.01
 No hours 22.3 28.9 19.0  
 1–34 h 21.7 20.8 22.2  
 35+ h 56.0 50.3 58.9  
Region of Australia <0.01
 Major cities 69.7 65.1 72.0  
 Inner regional 19.9 23.1 18.3  
 Other areas 10.4 11.8 9.7  
Household structure <0.01
 Couple and child(ren) 43.3 39.7 45.1  
 Parent and child(ren) 8.3 7.9 8.5  
 Couple only 23.0 27.5 20.8  
 Single person 10.9 13.2 9.7  
 Other 14.5 11.7 15.9  
Number of disease risk factorsa <0.01
 None 6.1 5.2 6.6  
 1 24.5 22.6 25.5  
 2 32.6 29.8 34.0  
 3 or more 36.8 42.5 33.9  
  1. All estimates adjusted for survey design
  2. aDisease risk factors: obesity; high blood pressure; osteoporosis; high cholesterol; high blood sugar; risky level of alcohol consumption; current smoker; insufficient vegetable intake; insufficient fruit intake; and sedentary lifestyle