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Table 1 Effectiveness of C. citratus and T. minuta essential oils against Phlebotomus duboscqi tested on hamsters as repellents

From: Repellent effects of the essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Tagetes minuta on the sandfly, Phlebotomus duboscqi

Repellents No. flies ED50 (mg/ml) 95% CLa (mg/ml) ED90 (mg/ml) 95% CLa (mg/ml)
C. Citratus 100 0.039 0.039 ± 0.0082 0.79 0.79 ± 0.0082
T. minuta 100 0.10 0.1 ± 0.0367 12.58 12.58 ± 0.0367
Controls      
DEET 0.196 mg/ml 100 0.0009 0.0009 ± 0.0001 0. 0015 0. 0015 ± 0.497
  1. ED50: Effective dose that causes 50% of prohibiting of bites; ED90: Effective dose that causes 90% of prohibiting of bites
  2. aMean dosages are significantly different (P < 0.05) from each other if 95% confidence limits (CL) do not overlap