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Table 3 Socio-demographic factors associated with elevated 10-year CVD risk, n (%)

From: Total cardiovascular risk for next 10 years among rural population of Nepal using WHO/ISH risk prediction chart

Variables <10% risk (low) >10% risk (elevated) p value
Gender
 Male 135 (87.7) 19 (12.3) 0.53
 Female 163 (85.3) 28 (14.7)
Age
 40–49 135 (98.5) 2 (1.5) 0.001*
 50–59 99 (94.3) 6 (5.7)
 60–69 51 (71.8) 19 (59.4)
 70–79 13 (40.6) 19 (59.4)
Level of education
 No formal education 151 (81.6) 34 (18.4) 0.01*
 Primary 63 (90.0) 7 (10.0)
 ≥Secondary 84 (93.3) 6 (6.7)
Caste/ethnicity
 Upper cast 117 (88.0) 16 (12.0) 0.46
 Janajati 163 (85.3) 28 (14.7)
 Dalit 18 (85.7) 3 (14.3)
Marital status
 Married 277 (87.9) 38 (12.1) 0.006*
 Widow or widower 21 (70.0) 9 (30.0)
Occupationa
 Employ 36 (90.0) 4 (10.0) 0.001*
 Self employed 77 (98.7) 1 (1.3)
 Unemployed 168 (84.0) 32 (16.0)
 Retired 17 (63.0) 10 (37.0)
Economic status
 Poor (≤NRs 8498) 271 (86.3) 43 (13.7) 0.9
 Higher (>NRs 8498) 27 (87.1) 4 (12.9)
  1. Chi square test was done
  2. * Is significant
  3. aFischer exact test