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Table 3 Summary of the results of Univariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors associated with hyperglycaemia N = 251

From: Prevalence of hyperglycaemia first detected during pregnancy and subsequent obstetric outcomes at St. Francis Hospital Nsambya

  Normoglycaemia Hyperglycaemia Chi square Df p-value OR (95% CI)
Age in years: mean (sd) 29.08 (4.88) 29.61 (5.17)    0.43  
Gestation age at OGTT (weeks) mean (sd) 32.64 (2.78) 32.62 (3.14)    0.74  
BMI: mean (sd) 26.31 (4.41) 27.88 (4.96)    0.01  
Presence of at least one risk factor n (%)    8.26 1 0.005  
 No 72 (42.1) 19 (23.8)     Ref
 Yes 99 (57.9) 61 (76.3)     2.34 (1.28–4.25)
Parity n (%)    8.19 2 0.03  
 ≤1 90 (52.6) 40 (50.0)     Ref
 2–4 77 (45.0) 31 (38.8) 0.91 (0.52–1.58)
 ≥5 4 (2.3) 9 (11.3) 5.06 (1.47–17.41)
Age groups (years) n (%)    1.02 3 0.80  
 <25 35 (20.5) 16 (20.0)     Ref
 25–29 60 (35.1) 24 (30.0)     0.88 (0.41–1.87)
 30–34 46 (26.9) 26 (32.5)     1.24 (0.58–2.65)
 ≥35 30 (17.5)      1.02 (0.41–2.43)
BMI: n (%)    5.10 1 0.02  
 ≤30 138 (80.7) 54 (67.5)     Ref
 >30 33 (19.3) 26 (32.5) 2.01 (1.10–3.68)
Family history of DM n (%)    2.27 2 0.01  
 No 106 (62.0) 35 (43.8)     Ref
 Yes 35 (20.5) 29 (36.3)     2.51 (1.35–4.68)
 Unknown 30 (17.5) 16 (20.0)     1.62 (0.79–3.31)
History of macrosomic baby (>4 kg) n (%)    0.88 1 0.34  
 No 145 (84.8) 64 (80.0)     Ref
 Yes 26 (15.2) 16 (20.0)     1.39 (0.70–2.78)