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Table 1 Variables in relation to MRSA and MSSA (n = 133)

From: Prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Palpa, Western Nepal

Variables MRSA (n = 58) MSSA (n = 75) p value
Number (%) Number (%)
Age (years)
 <10 26 (49.1) 27 (50.9) 0.452
 11–30 16 (36.4) 28 (63.6)  
 >30 16 (44.4) 20 (55.6)  
Sex
 Male 33 (52.4) 30 (47.6) 0.057
 Female 25 (35.7) 45 (64.3)  
Source of samples
 Ward 27 (48.2) 29 (51.8) 0.307
 OPD 14 (33.3) 28 (66.7)  
 ER 4 (36.4) 7 (63.6)  
 ICU 13 (54.2) 11 (45.8)  
Duration of hospital stay
 No hospital stay 34 (38.6) 54 (61.4) 0.253
 <48 h 9 (50.0) 9 (50.0)  
 >48 h 15 (55.6) 12 (44.4)  
Type of samples
 Blood 32 (49.2) 33 (50.8) 0.463
 Pus 13 (33.3) 26 (66.7)  
 Swab 6 (42.9) 8 (57.1)  
 Others 7 (46.7) 8 (53.3)  
Patient’s conditions
 Central line
  Opened 21 (56.8) 16 (43.2) 0.079
  Not opened 37 (38.5) 59 (61.5)  
On urinary catheter
 Yes 11 (68.8) 5 (31.3) 0.057
 No 47 (40.2) 70 (59.8)  
On ventilator
 Yes 4 (57.1) 3 (42.9) 0.699
 No 54 (42.9) 72 (57.1)  
ICU stay
 Yes 10 (62.5) 6 (37.5) 0.116
 No 48 (41.0) 69 (69.0)  
ET/tracheostomy/NG tube
 Yes 4 (44.4) 5 (55.6) 1
 No 54 (43.5) 70 (56.5)  
Surgery before infection
 Yes 8 (61.5) 5 (38.5) 0.24
 No 50 (41.7) 70 (58.3)  
Skin lesions
 Yes 11 (44.0) 14 (56.0) 1
 No 47 (43.5) 61 (56.5)  
Enteral feeding
 Yes 5 (50.0) 5 (50.0) 0.744
 No 51 (42.1) 70 (57.9)  
History of taking antibiotics
 Yes 24 (52.2) 22 (47.8) 0.198
 No 34 (39.1) 53 (60.9)  
  1. Ward In Patient Department where patients are admitted for treatment, OPD Out Patient Department, ER emergency, ICU Intensive Care unit, ET tube endotracheal tube, NG tube naso-gastric tube
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