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Table 3 Association of latrine utilisation with socio-demographic variables and latrine characteristics—multiple logistic regression analyses (n = 473)

From: Latrine coverage and its utilisation in a rural village of Eastern Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional study

Characteristics Number (%) Total Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Socio-demographic variables
 Age of head of the household <50 years 280 (94.6) 293 1.15 (0.52–2.55) 0.714
 Family size ≤5 members 240 (94.9) 253 1.25 (0.57–2.73) 0.567
 Joint family 171 (95.0) 180 0.08 (0.35–1.83) 0.603
 Presence of under 5 children 173 (90.1) 192 0.26 (0.11–0.62) <0.001* 0.15 (0.05–0.46) 0.001*
 Semi pucca housing 276 (95.8) 288 0.49 (0.22–1.07) 0.071 1.33 (0.444–4.02) 0.605
 Illiterate head of the household 212 (93.4) 227 0.90 (0.43–1.89) 0.418
 Economic status below poverty line 330 (93.8) 352 0.64 (0.23–1.74) 0.386
Characteristics of latrine
 Flush type latrine 421 (95.5) 441 0.16 (0.06–0.43) <0.001* 2.37 (0.56–9.99) 0.240
 Duration of latrine construction ≥2 years 243 (98.0) 248 0.18 (0.07–051) <0.001* 3.02 (0.84–10.91) 0.090
 Distance of latrine from kitchen < 6 m 337 (94.8) 358 0.88 (0.34–2.24) 0.794
 Functional latrine 414 (92.8) 425 18.81 (8.06–43.92) <0.001* 27.37 (6.84–109.45) <0.001*
 Need for maintenance 135 (88.2) 153 0.21 (0.09–0.49) <0.001* 1.64 (0.46–5.83) 0.439
 Height of latrine >1.5 m 410 (96.9) 423 12.26 (5.35–28.07) <0.001* a
 Closure for privacy 422 (97.2) 434 21.97 (9.26–52.11) <0.001* a
 Frequency of latrine cleaning as always 299 (96.8) 309 3.45 (1.54–7.73) <0.05* 3.66 (1.09–12.29) 0.036*
 Help from Government/NGO 217 (91.6) 237 0.33 (0.13–0.80) <0.05* 0.72 (0.22–2.87) 0.727
 Self initiation of latrine construction 304 (95.3) 319 1.71 (0.78–3.75) 0.175 4.21 (1.06–16.66) 0.040*
  1. aVariables not entered in multiple logistic regression since these variables represents functionality of latrine
  2. * Statistically significant