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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with anemia among pregnant women (n = 217) in Butajira General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia, March 1–April 30, 2015

From: Burden and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in southern Ethiopia: cross sectional study

Variables Total (n = 217) n (%) Anaemia AOR (95% CI) p value
Yes (n = 60) n = (%) No (n = 157) n = (%)
Residence
 Urban 168 (77.4) 40 (18.4) 128 (58.9) 0.167 (0.041–0.682) 0.013 *
 Rural 49 (22.6) 20 (9.2) 29 (13.3) 1r
History of Malaria prior to data collection time
 Yes 54 (24.9) 24 (11) 30 (13.8) 1r 0.525
 No 163 (75.1) 36 (16.5) 127 (58.5) 1.622 (0.365–7.211)  
History of excess menstrual bleeding
 Yes 53 (24.4) 16 (7.3) 9 (4.1) 1r <0.001 *
 No 164 (75.6) 44 (20.2) 148 (68.2) 0.028 (0.006–0.135)
ANC follow up
 Yes 171 (78.8) 24 (9.2) 147 (67.7) 0.082 (0.018–0.370) <0.001 *
 No 46 (21.2) 36 (16.5) 10 (4.6) 1r
Consumption of AFS
 Yes 105 (48.4) 21 (9.6) 84 (38.7) 1.264 (0.365–4.380) 0.712
 No 112 (51.6) 39 (17.9) 73 (33.6) 1r
Inter pregnancy interval (years)
 <2 57 (26.3) 46 (21.1) 11 (5) 1r 0.016 *
 ≥2 108 (49.8) 5 (2.3) 103 (47.4) 0.133 (0.026–0.685)
Intestinal parasite
 Present 28 (12.9) 21 (9.6) 7 (3.2) 1r 0.121
 Absent 189 (87.1) 39 (17.9) 150 (69.1) 0.245 (0.042–1.450)  
  1. 1r set as reference, AFS animal food sources
  2. * p < 0.05