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Table 3 Surgical findings and interventions

From: Intraperitoneal lactate/pyruvate ratio and the level of glucose and glycerol concentration differ between patients surgically treated for upper and lower perforations of the gastrointestinal tract: a pilot study

  Cause of perforation Exploration method Surgical intervention Type of closing Duration of surgery Irrigation Drainage
Upper perforation
 Patient 1 Ulcer, prepyloric Diag. lap. converted to expl. lap. Suture of ulcer PDS + staples 1 h 20 min Yes
 Patient 2 Ulcer, duodenal bulb Diag. lap. Suture of ulcer Vicryl 1 h 10 min Yes
 Patient 3 Ulcer, duodenum Expl. lap. Billroth II resection PDS 1 h 51 min Yes Yes
 Patient 4 Ulcer, prepyloric Diag. lap. converted to expl. lap. Suture of ulcer PDS 1 h 20 min Yes
 Patient 5 Ulcer, prepyloric Expl. lap. Suture of ulcer PDS 45 min Yes
 Patient 6 Ulcer, prepyloric Expl. lap. Suture of ulcer PDS 1 h 3 min Yes
 Patient 7 Ulcer, duodenal bulb Expl. lap. Suture of ulcer PDS n/a Yes
Lower perforation
 Patient 8 Rectum perforation do to coprostasis Expl. lap. Hartmann’s procedure PDS + staples 2 h 56 min Yes
 Patient 9 Perforated c. recti Expl. lap. Hartmann’s procedure PDS 2 h 40 min Yes
 Patient 10 Perforated diverticulitis Expl. lap Hartmann’s procedure PDS n/a Yes
 Patient 11 Perforated c. recti Expl. lap. Hartmann’s procedure VAC 2 h 40 min Yes
 Patient 12 Rectal stump blow out Expl. lap.   PDS n/a Yes
 Patient 13 Perforated diverticulitis Expl. lap. Hartmann’s procedure PDS n/a Yes
 Patient 14 Perforated coecum do to ischemia Exp.lap. Right sided hemicolectomy withileostomy VAC 2 h 5 min Yes
 Patient 15 Perforated diverticulitis Exp. Lap. Hartmann’s procedure PDS 3 h 9 min Yes
  1. Diag. lap. diagnostic laparoscopy, Expl. lap. explorative laparotomy, PDS polydioxanone, VAC vacuum assisted closure