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Table 4 Factors associated with anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Dera District health facilities, Ethiopia, 2015

From: Magnitude and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women in Dera District: a cross-sectional study in northwest Ethiopia

Variables Anemia Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Yes (#) No (#)
Residence
 Rural 78 189 4.36 (1.96, 8.08) 3.03 (1.17, 7.82)*
 Urban 7 74 1.00 1.00
Parity
 <2 children 24 126 1.00 1.00
 2–4 children 61 102 3.14 (1.83, 5.39) 1.74 (0.68, 4.49)
 >/=5 children 21 14 7.88 (3.52, 17.61) 4.20 (1.14, 15.52)*
Household monthly income
 <Eth. Birr 2000 91 150 3.72 (2.03, 6.81) 2.56 (1.17, 5.60)*
 ≥Eth. Birr 2000 15 92 1.00 1.00
Availability of latrine
 Yes 94 238 1.00 1.00
 No 12 4 7.60 (2.39, 24.15) 4.75 (1.15, 19.60)*
Gestational age in weeks
 <12 17 36 1.00  
 12–28 54 107 1.07 (0.55, 2.17)  
 >28 35 99 0.75 (0.45, 1.77)  
Meal frequency in the previous 24 h
 2 41 45 3.19 (1.54, 6.61)  
 3 51 148 1.21 (0.62, 2.37)  
 4 and above 14 49 1.00  
Iron supplementation in the current pregnancy
 Yes 75 228 1.00 1.00
 No 31 14 6.73 (3.40, 13.32) 5.63 (2.21, 14.32)*
Nutritional status
 Normal/MUAC ≥ 23 cm 38 185 1 1.00
 Malnourished/MUAC < 23 cm 68 57 5.80 (3.54, 9.53) 4.97 (2.61, 9.43)*
  1. * P value of <0.05