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Table 1 Bivariate associations between independent variables and preferences for nursing home care

From: Who should take care of me? Preferences of old age individuals for characteristics of professional long-term caregivers: an observational cross-sectional study

  Same gender German language Same cultural background Orderly appearance Empathetic, kind Punctual, reliable Enough time Small team
Low preferences (n = 638; 64.3%) High preferences (n = 354; 35.7%) Low preferences (n = 236; 23.5%) High preferences (n = 767; 76.5%) Low preferences (n = 452; 45.8%) High preferences (n = 534; 54.2%) Low preferences (n = 36; 3.6%) High preferences (n = 965; 96.4%) Low preferences (n = 7; 0.7%) High preferences (n = 998; 99.3%) Low preferences (n = 18; 1.8%) High preferences (n = 986; 98.2%) Low preferences (n = 84; 8.5%) High preferences (n = 902; 91.5%) Low preferences (n = 74; 7.5%) High preferences (n = 911; 92.5%)
Age: Mean (SD) 75.3 (6.4)* 76.2 (7.0) 75.0 (6.4)+ 75.9 (6.6) 74.8 (6.4) *** 76.3 (6.7) 77.1 (6.4)+ 75.6 (6.6) 73.7 (7.2) 75.7 (6.6) 75.9 (6.0) 75.7 (6.6) 77.0 (6.6)* 75.5 (6.6) 76.8 (6.7) 75.5 (6.6)
Sex
 Women 263*** 299 121** 314 256 302 17 550 3 566 12 556 42 521 35+ 524
 Men 375 55 115 453 196 232 19 415 4 432 6 430 42 381 39 387
Living situation
 Living with partner or spouse 280*** 106 94 297 165 220 11 380 1 391 5 387 25+ 360 41 556
 Others 358 248 142 470 287 314 25 585 6 607 13 599 59 542 33 355
Region
 West Germany 484 256 183 565 367*** 370 26 720 7 742 17+ 731 67 669 57 677
 East Germany 154 98 53 202 85 164 10 245 0 256 1 255 17 233 17 234
Education
 Without a vocational degree 33*** 39 12*** 62 36* 36 4 71 1 74 2 73 10* 63 7** 64
 Apprenticeship, full-time vocational school 202 170 67 313 148 223 15 362 3 377 5 374 20 350 17 355
 Professional school or trade and technical school for vocational education 156 86 58 185 110 129 5 238 2 241 8 235 24 216 16 224
 University, school of engineering 242 58 98 202 156 142 12 288 1 300 3 298 30 267 34 262
Place of birth
 Born in Germany 594 322 216 709 410 498 33 890 7 920 17 909 79 830 67 842
 Born abroad 42 31 20 55 41 34 3 72 0 75 1 74 5 69 7 66
Having children
 Yes 526 301 187* 650 364* 459 31 805 5 834 15 823 64+ 760 57 764
 No 111 53 49 116 87 75 5 159 2 163 3 162 20 141 17 146
Status of health insurance
 Statutory health insurance 518*** 326 188** 666 377 463 32 821 7 849 18+ 837 68 773 58+ 781
 Private health insurance 116 28 47 98 73 69 4 140 0 145 0 145 16 125 16 126
Provided care for family/friends
 Yes 320+ 157 108 373 251* 259 14 504 2 519 11 510 35 437 42 470
 No 317 197 128 393 200 275 22 460 5 478 7 475 49 464 32 440
Level of care
 Yes 29** 31 10 50 21 37 3 57 0 60 0 60 5 55 6 53
 No 607 322 224 716 429 496 31 907 6 936 17 924 78 845 67 856
 Self-rated health (from ‘very bad’ to ‘very good’): Mean (SD) 3.7 (0.9)* 3.5 (0.9) 3.8 (0.9)** 3.6 (0.9) 3.7 (0.9)** 3.5 (0.9) 3.4 (1.2) 3.6 (0.9) 4.0 (1.4) 3.6 (0.9) 3.7 (1.0) 3.6 (0.9) 3.6 (1.0) 3.6 (0.9) 3.6 (0.9) 3.6 (0.9)
Involvement in the issue of need for care, from ‘very little’ to ‘very much’): Mean (SD) 2.9 (1.4) 3.0 (1.4) 2.8 (1.5) 2.9 (1.4) 3.0 (1.5)* 2.8 (1.4) 3.1 (1.6) 2.9 (1.4) 3.1 (1.7) 2.9 (1.4) 3.0 (1.7) 2.9 (1.4) 2.6 (1.4)* 2.9 (1.4) 2.8 (1.6) 2.9 (1.4)
  1. Comparisons between the two groups were done using t test and Chi square procedures. +.10, *.05, **.01, ***.001