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Table 2 Surveyed community insecticide use response pattern for farming, veterinary and domestic pests

From: Insecticide use pattern and phenotypic susceptibility of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato to commonly used insecticides in Lower Moshi, northern Tanzania

S/no. Characteristics Activity
Farming, n (%) Veterinary, n (%) Domestic, n (%)
1 Proportion of insecticide use 320 (80.8%) 150 (37.9%) 238 (59.9%)
2 Main purpose
 Insect killing 307 (77.3%) 119 (30%) 99 (25.0%)
 Repellant 44 (11.1%) 24 (6%) 21 (3.5%)
 Nuisance control 0 120 (30.2%)  
 Malaria mosquito control 0 0 202 (50.9%)
 Others 14 (35.5%) 14 (3.5%) 0
3 i. ITNs NA NA 371 (93.9%)
ii. LLINs NA NA 361 (93.3%)
4 Trend of insecticide use in the past 5 years
 Increasing 154 (46.7%) 45 (28.8%) 30 (13.2%)
 Decreasing 87 (26.450 81 (51.9) 158 (69.3%)
 Constant 89 (27.0%) 30 (19.2%) 40 (17.5%)
5 Type of insecticide ingredients
   Chloropyrifos 148 (49.7%) NA NA
 Chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin 81 (27.2%) NA NA
 Lambdacyhalothrin 12 (4.0%) NA 116 (58.0%)
 Endosulfan 27 (9.1%) NA NA
 Profenofos 20 (6.7%) NA NA
 Carbarly 0 9 (8.7%) 22 (11.0%)
 Cypermethrin 0 81 (77.9%) NA
 Cypermethrin and tetramethrin 0 5 (4.8%) 52 (26.0%)
 Phenothrin and impothrin NA NA 10 (5.0%)
 Others (primiriphos-methyl, DDT, and dimethonate) 10 (3.4%) 9 (8.7%) 0
 Others 0 7 (4.2%) 11 (4.8%)
6 Class of pesticide frequently used
 Pyrethroids 20 (6.7%) 93 (89.4%) 179 (89.1%)
 Organophosphates 165 (55.4%) 1 (1%) 0
 Organochlorides 31 (10.4%) 1 (15%) 0
 Carbamates 0 9 (8.7%) 22 (10.9%)
 Organochlorides and pyrethroids 82 (27.5%) 0 0
  1. This table was developed using descriptive statistics and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) output
  2. NA not applicable