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Table 2 Treatment outcomes of TB patients in JGH (July 2004–June 2014)

From: A retrospective study on tuberculosis treatment outcomes at Jinka General Hospital, southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Number (%) stratified by the treatment outcomes Total
N (%) 
P value
Successful treatment outcomes 868 (74) Unsuccessful treatment outcomes 304 (24)
Cured Treatment completed Died T. failurea Loss to follow-up Interrupter
Sex
 Female 66 (14.2) 299 (64.3) 40 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 30 (6.5) 30 (6.5) 465 (39.7) 0.059
 Male 88 (12.4) 415 (58.7) 79 (11.2) 1 (0.1) 77 (10.9) 47 (6.6) 707 (60.3)  
Age in years
 < 15 5 (3.4) 101 (69.7) 10 (6.9) 0 (0.0) 8 (5.5) 21 (14.5) 145 (12.4) < 0.001
 15–24 55 (21.7) 145 (57.1) 19 (7.5) 0 (0.0) 22 (8.7) 13 (5.1) 254 (21.7)  
 25–34 56 (15.3) 216 (59.2) 39 (10.7) 1 (0.3) 34 (9.3) 19 (5.2) 365 (31.1)  
 35–44 23 (10.6) 138 (63.3) 24 (11.0) 0 (0.0) 22 (10.1) 11 (5.0) 218 (18.6)  
 45–54 10 (10.4) 50 (52.1) 16 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 12 (12.5) 8 (8.3) 96 (8.2)  
 ≥ 55 5 (5.3) 64 (68.1) 11 (11.7) 0 (0.0) 9 (9.6) 5 (5.3) 94 (8.0)  
TB patients category
 New TB cases 125 (12.0) 633 (61.0) 107 (10.3) 0 (0.0) 98 (9.4) 75 (7.2) 1038 (88.6) < 0.001
 Re-treatment TB cases 16 (30.2) 22 (51.2) 5 (11.6) 0 (0.0) 3 (7.0) 0 (0.0) 43 (3.7)  
 Transfer-in TB cases 13 (27.7) 30 (63.8) 1 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (4.3) 1 (2.1) 47 (4.0)  
Type of TB
 PTB− NA 436 (71.5) 72 (11.8) NA 51 (8.4) 51 (8.4) 610 (52.0) < 0.001
 PTB+ 154 (54.8) 73 (26.0) 24 (8.5) 1 (0.4) 22 (7.8) 7 (2.5) 281 (24.0)  
 EPTB NA 205 (73.0) 23 (8.2) NA 34 (12.1) 19 (6.8) 281 (24.0)  
HIV test result
 Non reactive 81 (15.1) 341 (63.7) 29 (5.4) 0 (0.0) 39 (7.3) 45 (8.4) 535 (45.6) < 0.001
 Reactive 28 (11.9) 138 (58.7) 41 (17.4) 0 (0.0) 15 (6.4) 13 (5ρ.5) 235 (20.1)  
 Unknown 45 (11.2) 235 (58.5) 49 (12.2) 1 (0.2) 53 (13.2) 19 (4.7) 402 (34.3)  
Year of TB treatment
 July 2004–June 2005 10 (12.2) 43 (52.4) 14 (17.1) 1 (1.2) 13 (15.9) 1 (1.2) 82 (7.0) < 0.001
 July 2005–June 2006 9 (8.3) 63 (57.8) 21 (19.3) 0 (0.0) 15 (13.8) 1 (0.9) 109 (9.3)  
 July 2006–June 2007 13 (8.9) 91 (62.3) 11 (7.5) 0 (0.0) 21 (14.40) 10 (6.8) 146 (12.5)  
 July 2007–June 2008 18 (11.8) 101 (66.0) 19 (12.4) 0 (0.0) 10 (6.5) 5 (3.3) 153 (13.1)  
 July 2008–June 2009 20 (16.3) 83 (67.5) 11 (8.9) 0 (0.0) 4 (3.3) 5 (4.1) 123 (10.5)  
 July 2009–June 2010 19 (13.7) 92 (66.2) 12 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 12 (8.6) 4 (2.9) 139 (11.9)  
 July 2010–June 2011 21 (11.7) 120 (67.0) 8 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 8 (4.5) 22 (12.3) 179 (15.3)  
 July 2011–June 2012 15 (14.3) 57 (54.3) 6 (5.7) 0 (0.0) 8 (7.6) 19 (18.1) 105 (9.0)  
 July 2012–June 2013 19 (30.2) 34 (54.0) 6 (9.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.6) 3 (4.8) 63 (5.4)  
 July 2013–June 2014 10 (13.7) 30 (41.1) 11 (15.1) 0 (0.0) 15 (20.5) 7 (9.6) 73 (6.2)  
Total 154 (13.1) 714 (60.9) 119 (10.2) 1 (0.1) 107 (9.1) 77 (6.6) 1172 (100)  
  1. NA not applicable, T. failure a treatment failure