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Table 2 Scores on objective global exam

From: Development of a Saw Bones Model for training pedicle screw placement in scoliosis

  Junior residents Senior residents p value
Preparation 3.29 ± 0.49 3.43 ± 0.53 0.591
Time and motion 2.71 ± 0.49 3.71 ± 0.95 0.030
Instrument handling 2.86 ± 0.90 3.14 ± 0.69 0.496
Flow 3.29 ± 0.49 3.57 ± 0.53 0.298
Knowledge 3.29 ± 0.49 3.71 ± 0.76 0.244
Overall 3.29 ± 0.49 3.57 ± 0.53 0.298
  1. Compiled scores for residents based on rubric. This table presents the mean ± standard deviation for each of the five evaluated surgical skills demonstrated by the junior and senior residents. p values obtained from Mann–Whitney tests comparing the groups are presented in the last column with significant values (i.e., p > 0.05) highlighted in italics