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Table 1 Participants’ demographic characteristics

From: Does cognitive behavioral therapy alter mental defeat and cognitive flexibility in patients with panic disorder?

Measure Patients with PD (n = 15) Control group (n = 35) Statistics
Age 38.6 years (SD 9.6) 42.5 years (SD 10.3) t(48) = − 1.47, p = .15
Gender 13 female, 2 male 28 female, 7 male χ2(1) = .00, p = 1.00
Educational background    χ2(1) = 6.17, p = .46
 High school 2 4  
 < 3 years of college/university 8 7  
 ≥ 3 years of college/university 5 24  
Marital status    χ2(1) = 2.69, p = .26
 Single 6 12  
 Married 8 23  
 Divorced 1 0  
Employment status    χ2(1) = 7.96, p = .02
 Employed full time 5 19  
 Part-time/homemaker 7 16  
 Unemployed 3 0  
comorbid agoraphobia (M.I.N.I) 13   
Comorbid axis I diagnoses (M.I.N.I)
 No comorbid condition (PD only) 12   
 Depression 1   
 Other anxiety disorder 3   
Medication
 Benzodiazepine 11   
 Antidepressant 9   
 Benzodiazepine and antidepressant 8   
 No medication 3   
Mental defeat
 MDS mean (SD) 22.2 (16.6) 5.4 (5.3)  
Cognitive flexibility
 CFS mean (SD) 42.8 (9.7) 52.6 (7.5)  
Associated psychopathology
 PDSS-SR mean (SD) 12.1 (4.0) .1 (.4)  
 PHQ-9 mean (SD) 8.0 (3.2) 2.6 (2.4)  
  1. CFS Cognitive Flexibility Scale, MDS Mental Defeat Scale, M.I.N.I. Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, PD panic disorder, PDSS-SR Panic Disorder Severity Scale-Self Report, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9