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Table 1 Clinical manifestations of the patients with GPA

From: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a 17 year experience from a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

Clinical manifestations Frequency (n) Percentage (%)
ENT 25 49.0
 Rhinosinusitis 6 11.8
 Mucosal ulcers 1 2.0
 Epistaxis 7 13.7
 Hearing loss 9 17.6
 Collapsed nasal bridge/saddle nose deformity 2 3.9
Pulmonary 41 80.4
 Cough 16 31.9
 Hemoptysis 9 17.6
 Chest discomfort 7 13.7
 Dyspnea 5 9.8
 All 4 7.8
Renal 28 55.0
 Hematuria 11 21.6
 Renal failure 17 33.3
 Ocular 6 11.8
 Conjunctivitis 4 7.8
 Episcleritis/uveitis 2 3.9
Neurological 9 17.6
 Cranial nerve palsies 4 7.8
 Peripheral neuropathy 5 9.8
Musculoskeletal 22 43.1
 Arthritis/arthralgia 21 41.2
 Myalgia 1 2.0
Cutaneous 8 15.7
 Purpura/ecchymosis 6 11.8
 Ulceration 2 3.9