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Table 4 Risk factors for obesity in 311 HIV/AIDS patients

From: Prevalence and determinants of selected cardio-metabolic risk factors among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving care in the South West Regional Hospitals of Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

Risk factors for obesity Total participants (n = 311) Obese Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P value*
Age    0.66 (0.33–1.32) 0.24 0.81 (0.39–1.69) 0.573
 > 45 years 114 13 (11.4%)     
 ≤ 45 years 197 32 (16.2%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
Gender    2.14(0.73–6.28) 0.16 2.33(0.78–6.94) 0.130
 Male 50 4 (8%)     
 Female 261 41 (15.7%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
Exercise    1.19 (0.26–5.44) 0.82  
 Adequate 16 2 (12.5%)     
 Inadequate 295 3 (14.6%) 1 (Ref)    
Alcohol intake    0.32 (0.08–1.34) 0.10 0.26 (0.06–1.15) 0.075
 Alcoholics 9 3 (33.3%)     
 Non alcoholics 302 42 (13.9%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
ART duration (months)    2.38 (1.02–5.55) 0.04 2.40 (1.00–5.75) 0.049
 Long duration (61–216). 88 7 (8%)     
 Short duration/Nil (0–60). 223 38 (17.1%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
CD4 count     0.54  
 ≤ 350 cells/mm3 95 12 (12.6%) 0.80 (0.39–1.63)    
 > 350 cells/mm3 216 33 (15.3%) 1 (Ref)    
ART     0.50  
 Yes 302 43 (14.2%) 1.72 (0.35–8.56)    
 No 9 2 (22.2%) 1 (Ref)    
  1. ART antiretroviral therapy
  2. * P value = the P value after adjusting for the other factors in Multivariate logistic regression analysis