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Table 3 Adjusted hazard ratio for mortality, initiating dialysis and transplantation associated with self-rated health, appetite and quality of life. N = 126

From: Self-rated health, quality of life and appetite as predictors of initiation of dialysis and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 4–5: a prospective cohort study

PRO Health Appetite QoL
Adjusted Hazard Ratio for mortality (n = 13)
Excellent/very good 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Good 0.98 (0.10–9.24) 0.91 (0.20–4.08) 0.35 (0.09–1.39)
Fair/poor 3.41 (0.41–28.1) 20.78* (3.46–124.71) 2.88 (0.71–11.58)
Adjusted Hazard Ratio for initiation of dialysis (n = 21)
Excellent/very good 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Good 2.25 (0.46;11.1) 2.47 (0.99;6.23) 0.66 (0.23;1.98)
Fair/poor 5.18* (1.12;23.95) 1.59 (0.19;12.98) 1.22 (0.37;3.93)
Adjusted Hazard Ratio for receiving a kidney transplant (n = 16)
Excellent/very good 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Good 1.68 (0.47;6.06) 1.37 (0.50;3.80) 1.16 (0.40;3.42)
Fair/poor 1.37 (0.34;5.51) 0.32 (0.03;3.43)
  1. Numbers in table are Hazard Ratio (95% confidence interval). QoL quality of life
  2. Adjusted for age, sex and comorbidity. * p < 0.05