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Table 2 Comparison of clinical and biochemical characteristics between patients with controlled and poor glycaemic control

From: Assessment of glycemic control in type 2 diabetes in the Eastern Sudan

Variable Controlled diabetes (n = 96) Uncontrolled diabetes (n = 243) OR 95% CI P
Age (years)a 54.9 (12.7) 54.7 (12.9) 0.99 0.98–1.01 0.877
Male sex 28 (29.2) 74 (30.5) 0.94 0.56–1.57 0.896
Education ≤ secondary level 19 (19.8) 61 (25.1) 1.35 0.76–2.42 0.324
Married 92 (95.8) 213 (87.7) 0.79 0.68–0.91 0.026
Employed 45 (46.9) 105 (43.2) 0.86 0.53–1.38 0.547
Duration of diabetes (years)b 4.0 (2.23–7.0) 6.0 (3.0–10.0) 1.05 1.01–1.11 0.014
Presence of comorbidity 41 (42.7) 85 (35.0) 0.72 0.44–1.16 0.212
Smoking/ex-smoking 4 (4.2) 9 (3.7) 2.48 0.73–8.40 0.827
Alcohol intake 119 (57.2) 101 (59.1) 1.07 0.71–1.62 0.550
Add sugar to the food 51 (53.1) 161 (66.3) 1.73 1.07–2.80 0.034
Oral hypoglycemic drugs 71 (74.0) 172 (70.8) 0.40 0.11–1.41 0.156
Insulin 22 (22.9) 53 (21.8) 0.40 0.10–1.50 0.175
Oral hypoglycemic and insulin 3 (3.1) 18 (7.4) Ref
Measuring blood sugar at home 11 (11.5) (8.2) 0.69 0.31–1.50 0.403
Body mass index (kg/m2)b 26.7 (23.2–29.7) 26.2 (23.6–29.4) 1.01 0.97–1.06 0.926
Fasting blood glucose 121.0 (103.03–141.7) 165.0 (130.0–216.0) 1.02 1.02 –1.04 < 0.001
Cholesterol (mg/dl)b 159.5 (122.0–178.2) 165.0 (138.0–194.0) 1.01 1.01–1.03 0.009
Triglycerides (mg/dl)b 120.0 (83.2–138.7) 130.6 (91.0–163.0 1.01 1.01–1.04 0.032
  1. aValues are means (SD)
  2. bMedian (interquartile range)