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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 70 patients with pneumococcal pneumonia diagnosed based on an initial comprehensive assessment at admission

From: The efficacy of high-dose penicillin G for pneumococcal pneumonia diagnosed based on initial comprehensive assessment at admission: an observational study

Characteristics Totala
N = 70
Patient characteristics
 Age, median (IQR) 76.5 (68.0–85.8)
 Women 26 (37.1)
 Health-care associated 11 (15.7)
 Institutional resident 11 (15.7)
 Pneumococcal vaccination 9 (12.9)
 Number of medications, median (IQR) 4 (1–7)
 Immunosuppressive drug useb 5 (7.1)
 Dysphagiac 18 (25.7)
 Prehospital antibiotic use 23 (32.9)
Past medical history
 Heart failure 3 (4.3)
 Ischemic heart diseased 3 (4.3)
 Stroke or TIA 14 (20.0)
 Diabetes mellitus 13 (18.6)
 Chronic pulmonary diseasee 18 (25.7)
 Liver disease 2 (2.9)
 Dementia 18 (25.7)
 Chronic kidney disease 6 (8.6)
 Active cancer 0 (0.0)
Current smoker, n (%) 7 (10.0)
Regular drinker, n (%) 20 (28.6)
Patient symptoms, n (%)
 Acute onset (< 4 days) 43 (61.4)
 Chest pain 18 (25.7)
 Fever 57 (81.4)
 Chill 14 (20.0)
 Hemoptysis 2 (2.9)
 Cough 49 (70.0)
 Sputum 40 (57.1)
 Throat pain 7 (10.0)
Vital signs, median (IQR)
 Temperature, °C 38.4 (37.4–39.0)
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 130.0 (110.0–146.5)
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 70.5 (63.0–84.3)
 Heart rate per minutes 103.5 (90.0–117.0)
 Respiratory rate per minutesf 24 (20–28)
 Oxygen saturation at room air, % 91 (88–94)
  1. aValues are shown as numbers (percentages) unless stated otherwise
  2. bThis value includes corticosteroids, chemotherapy and immunosuppressive drugs
  3. cDysphagia was judged based on an assessment by speech therapists during a hospital stay
  4. dIschemic heart disease included angina, myocardial infarction and coronary artery graft surgery
  5. eChronic pulmonary disease included asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and bronchiectasis
  6. fAmong 63 patients