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Table 1 Comparison of lifestyle factors between undergraduate medical students with and without GERD

From: Prevalence and risk factors of gastro-esophageal reflux disease among undergraduate medical students from a southern Indian medical school: a cross-sectional study

Lifestyle factor GERD present
(N = 18)
No GERD
(N = 340)
P value
Non-vegetarian diet 15 (83.3) 288 (84.7) 0.875
Frequent night snacks 7 (38.8) 83 (24.4) 0.17
Frequently skips breakfast 9 (50) 153 (45) 0.67
Frequent consumption of carbonated drinks 10 (55.5) 87 (25) 0.005
Drinking > 3 cups of tea or coffee per day 3 (16.6) 14 (4.1) 0.015
Less than 6 h sleep at night 10 (55.5) 140 (41.1) 0.23
Consumption of alcohol 4 (22.2) 49 (14.4) 0.36
Smoking 1 (5.5) 8 (2.3) 0.39
Frequently chewing tobacco products 0 (0) 1 (0.3) 0.82
Frequent use of analgesics 4 (22.2) 99 (29.1) 0.53
Physical exercise at least 5 times per week 4 (22.2) 90 (26.4) 0.69