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Table 2 Distribution of intrapartum and fetal factors of cases and controls attending public hospitals of Central zone, Tigray Region, North Ethiopia 2018

From: Risk factors of birth asphyxia among newborns in public hospitals of Central Zone, Tigray, Ethiopia 2018

Variables Category Cases Controls Total
n = 88 (%) n = 176 (%)
Prolonged labor Yes 23 (26.1) 36 (20.5) 59 (23.3)
No 65 (73.9) 140 (79.5) 205 (77.7)
Prolapsed cord Yes 7 (8.0) 8 (4.5) 15 (5.7)
No 81 (92.0) 168 (95.5) 249 (94.3)
Place of delivery Hospital 74 (84.1) 163 (92.6) 237 (89.9)
Other than study hospitals 14 (15.9) 13 (7.4) 27 (10.2)
Mode of delivery Spontaneous 63 (71.6) 135 (76.7) 198 (75.0)
Instrumental 9 (10.2) 14 (8.0) 23 (8.7)
Cesarean section 16 (18.2) 27 (15.3) 43 (16.3)
Presentation Vertex 78 (88.6) 158 (89.8) 236 (89.4)
Breech and others 10 (11.4) 18 (10.2) 28 (10.6)
History sedation Yes 17 (19.3) 35 (19.9) 52 (19.7)
No 71 (80.7) 141 (80.1) 212 (80.3)
Muonium stained Yes 21 (23.9) 9 (5.1) 30 (11.4)
No 67 (76.1) 167 (94.9) 234 (88.6)
CPD Yes 4 (4.5) 5 (2.8) 9 (3.4)
No 84 (95.5) 171 (97.2) 255 (96.6)
PROM Yes 17 (19.3) 43 (24.4) 60 (22.7)
No 71 (80.7) 133 (75.6) 204 (77.3)
Acidosis Yes 1 (1.1) 2 (1.1) 3 (1.1)
No 87 (98.9) 174 (98.9) 261 (98.9)
Professionals Doctors 31 (35.2) 55 (31.3) 86 (32.6)
Midwifes 55 (62.5) 121 (68.8) 176 (66.7)
Nurses 2 (2.3) 0 (0) 2 (0.8)
Placental abruption Yes 2 (2.3) 1 (0.6) 3 (1.1)
No 86 (97.7) 175 (99.4) 261 (98.9)
Weight of newborn (kg) < 2.5 43 (48.9) 19 (10.5) 62 (23.5)
≥ 2.5 45 (51.1) 157 (89.2) 202 (76.5)
GA (weeks) < 37 49 (55.7) 40 (22.7) 89 (33.7)
≥ 37 39 (44.3) 136 (77.3) 175 (66.3)