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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients at surgical wards of TASH (N = 131)

From: Pattern of antibiotics use, incidence and predictors of surgical site infections in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics N (%)
Gender
 Female 58 (44.3)
 Male 73 (55.7)
Age in years
 < 30 39 (29.8)
 30–50 40 (30.5)
 > 50 52 (39.7)
Residence
 Urban 71 (54.2)
 Rural 60 (45.8)
Cigarette smoking
 No 109 (83.2)
 Yes 22 (16.8)
Alcohol intake
 No 90 (68.7)
 Yes 41 (31.3)
Preoperative blood transfusion
 No 101 (77.1)
 Yes 30 (22.9)
Systemic steroid use
 No 115 (87.8)
 Yes 16 (12.2)
Preoperative hospital stay (days)
 > 7 62 (47.3)
 ≤ 7 69 (52.7)
Co-morbidities
 Cardiovascular disease 20 (15.3)
 Hypertension 9 (6.9)
 Diabetes mellitus 2 (1.5)
 HIV/AIDS 5 (3.8)
 Infectiona 8 (6.1)
 Multiple co-morbidities 7 (5.3)
 Othersb 6 (4.6)
Wound class
 Clean 43 (32.8)
 Clean contaminated 64 (48.9)
 Contaminated 16 (12.2)
 Dirty 8 (6.1)
Surgery type
 Emergency 25 (19.1)
 Elective 106 (80.9)
Previous surgery
 No 98 (74.8)
 Yes 33 (25.2)
  1. Infectiona: infections other than SSIs. Othersb include cancer, psychotic disorders, asthma, and epilepsy