Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analysis for non-adherence to anti-TB therapy among TB patients attending TB clinic in health centers at Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 306)

From: Non-adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment, reasons and associated factors among TB patients attending at Gondar town health centers, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Adherence status COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P-value
Adherent Non adherent
Sex
 Male 133 33 0.84 (0.48, 1.45)   
 Female 108 32 1   
Age
 18–28 62 13 1 1  
 29–38 48 13 1.29 (0.55, 3.04) 3.22 (0.68, 15.17) 0.139
 39–48 70 13 0.89 (0.38, 2.05) 0.83 (0.18, 3.88) 0.808
  ≥ 49 61 26 2.03 (0.96, 4.32) 2.44 (0.53, 9.41) 0.272
Marital status
 Single 113 22 0.24 (0.09, 0.69)* 0.11 (0.01, 1.60) 0.105
 Married 91 26 0.36 (013, 0.99)* 0.09 (0.01, 1.30) 0.077
 Divorced 27 9 0.42 (0.13, 1.38) 0.15 (0.01, 3.22) 0.228
 Widowed 10 8 1 1  
Residence
 Urban 205 51 0.73 (0.36,1.46)   
 Rural 36 14 1   
Educational status
 Unable to read and write 41 18 0.59 (0.16, 2.12) 1.28 (0.21, 7.62) 0.789
 Able to read and write 45 20 2.62 (0.96, 7.12) 1.12 (0.20, 6.37) 0.899
 Grade 1–8 44 5 1.24 (0.40, 3.80) 0.41 (0.06, 3.01) 0.381
 Grade 9–12 65 10 1.01 (0.35, 2.93) 2.12 (0.34, 13.11) 0.420
 Diploma 22 5 1.10 (0.30, 4.07) 1.48 (0.19, 11.66) 0.710
 Degree and above 32 7 1 1  
Income (Ethiopian Birr)
 ≤ 1000 102 32 1 1  
 1001–2000 60 21 1.12 (0.59, 2.12) 1.65 (0.50, 5.51) 0.414
 2001–3000 43 7 0.52 (0.21, 1.27) 0.47 (0.09, 2.38) 0.365
 > 3000 36 5 0.44 (0.16, 1.22) 0.12 (0.01, 1.30) 0.081
Distance from TB clinic (single trip) (km)
 < 3 65 5 1 1  
 3–5 121 24 2.58 (0.94, 7.08) 1.83 (0.38, 8.78) 0.450
 > 5 55 36 8.51 (3.12, 23.18* 4.30 (0.80, 23.16) 0.090
Type of transportation to the TB clinic
 Walking/foot 72 12 1 1  
 Public transport 169 53 1.88 (0.95, 3.73) 1.80 (0.54, 6.01) 0.338
Traveling time (single trip) (min)
 ≤ 30 131 17 0.30 (0.16, 0.55)* 0.48 (0.11, 2.11) 0.330
 > 30 110 48 1 1  
Cost of traveling (single trip) (n = 222) (Ethiopian Birr)
 ≤ 10 Birr 97 17 0.40 (0.21, 0.77)* 1.14 (0.25, 5.24) 0.866
 > 10 Birr 75 33 1 1  
Patients category
 New 190 45 1 1  
 Treatment failure 18 7 1.64 (0.63, 4.17) 0.52 (0.05, 5.12) 0.58
 Relapse 24 5 0.88 (0.32, 2.43) 0.94 (0.19, 4.75) 0.94
 Return after default 9 8 3.75 (1.37, 10.27)* 0.88 (0.05, 14.39) 0.93
Treatment phase
 Intensive phase 183 35 1 1 0.030
 Continuation phase 58 30 2.70 (1.53, 4.78)* 2.27 (1.5, 5.94)  
HIV status
 Seronegative 153 52 2.30 (1.19, 4.46)* 1.97 (0.41, 9.39) 0.651
 Seropositive 88 13 1 1  
TB status disclosure to the family
 Yes 192 45 1 1  
 No 49 20 1.74 (0.94, 3.22) 1.47 (0.31, 6.90) 0.626
Number of comorbidity?
 > 1 89 49 5.23 (2.81, 9.74) 6.22 (2.21, 17.48)** 0.001
 No or 1 152 16 1 1  
Knowledge
 Good knowledge 156 20 1 1 0.004
 Poor knowledge 85 45 4.13 (2.29, 7.44)* 4.11 (1.57, 10.75)**  
Patient-provider relationship
 Good patient-provider relationship 183 32 1 1 0.004
 Poor patient-provider relationship 58 33 3.25 (1.84, 5.75)* 4.60 (1.63, 12.97)**
Alcohol intake
 Yes 35 23 3.22 (1.73, 6.00)* 5.03 (1.54, 16.40)** 0.007
 No 206 42 1 1
  1. *Variables those were significant during univariate logistic analysis at P value 0.05
  2. **Variables that were found to have significant association during multivariate analysis at P-value < 0.05