Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Reproductive age women and their husbands Socio-demographic characteristics in Yeka sub-city, Addis Ababa, March 2015

From: Knowledge and practice of iodized salt utilization among reproductive women in Addis Ababa City

Variable Frequency Percent (%)
Age of the respondents
 15–25 76 13.8
 26–35 223 40.7
 36–49 250 45.5
Religious of the respondents
 Orthodox 372 67.8
 Protestant 86 15.7
 Muslim 79 14.4
 Catholic 11 2.0
 Other 1 0.2
Ethnicity of the respondents
 Amhara 240 43.7
 Oromo 151 27.5
 Gurage 85 15.5
 Tigire 56 10.2
 Other 17 3.1
Marital status
 Married 344 62.7
 Unmarried 205 37.3
Educational status of the mother 72 13.1
 Unable to read and write 49 8.9
 Read and write 23 4.2
 Primary education 137 25
 Secondary education 156 28.4
 Vocational Diploma 44 8.0
 Degree and above 140 25.5
Respondents occupational
 Own business 138 25.1
 House wife 128 23.3
 Private employee 101 18.4
 Government employee 79 14.4
 Unemployed 40 7.3
 Daily laborer 38 6.9
 Other 25 4.6
Household monthly income (ETB)a
 < 1500 239 25.3
 1501–2800 139 25.3
 2801–5000 164 29.9
 > 5000 107 19.5
Age of the husband (n = 352)
 23–35 104 29.5
 36–50 176 50.0
 > 50 72 20.5
Religion of the husband (n = 352)
 Orthodox 229 65.1
 Muslim 57 16.2
 Protestant 49 13.9
 Catholic 14 4.0
 Other 1 0.4
Husband educational status (n = 352)
 Unable to read and write 32 9.1
 Read and write 4 1.1
 Primary education 37 10.5
 Secondary education 100 28.4
 Vocational diploma 27 7.7
 University degree 152 43.2
Husband occupation
 Private employee 136 38.6
 Government employee 90 25.6
 Own business 76 21.6
 Non-governmental organization 20 5.7
 Daily laborer 18 5.1
 Other 12 3.4
Have you heard about iodized salt
 Yes 485 88.3
 No 64 11.7
The source of information about iodized salt
 Radio, television 402 73.2
 Printed material 68 12.4
 Friends/neighbors 26 4.7
 Health workers 20 3.7
 Others 2 0.4
Have you heard the effects of iodine deficiency on human
 Yes 436 79.4
 No 113 20.6
Iodized salt should be handled in the store and household with great care than non-iodized
 Yes 86 15.7
 No 463 84.3
What are the advantage of using iodized salt?
 Better test 24 4.4
 Better digestion 3 0.5
 Makeup for iodine in the human body (prevent IDD such as goiter, abortion) 401 73
 I don’t know 99 18
 Other 22 4
What is the consequence of Iodine deficiency?
 Goiter 420 76.5
 Cretinism/mental retardation in children 118 21.5
 Abortion/still birth/miscarriage 96 17.5
Regular consumption of iodized salt can remove iodine deficiency in the body?
 Yes 408 74.3
 No 141 25.7
Health risk of unborn baby if there is lack of iodine in the diet of pregnant women?
 Risk of being mentally impaired 170 31
 Risk of being physically impaired 68 12.4
 I don’t know 270 49.5
 Other 39 7.1
Group of population should receive much iodine than other
 Children 220 40.1
 Pregnant women 179 32.6
 All people need same amount 195 35.5
 I don’t know 92 16
 Other 4 0.7
Is there legal frame exist in Ethiopia which prohibit production, trade and sales of non-iodized salt?
 Yes 70 12.8
 No 246 44.8
 I don’t know 233 42.4
Does iodine in the salt affect its test?
 Yes 75 13.7
 No 329 59.9
 I don’t know 145 26.4
In what place should iodized salt be kept
 Dry place 235 42.8
 With no direct sunlight contact 71 12.9
 In closed container 358 65.3
 It doesn’t need special place 31 5.6
 I don’t know   
Timing of adding salt during food cooking process
 At the beginning 45 8.4
 In the middle 168 30.8
 At the end 334 60.8
Where do you usually store your salt
 In an open package 25 4.6
 In container without lid 36 6.5
 In container with closed lid 488 88.9
Iodine test result
 Not iodized (0 ppm) 160 29.1
 Inadequate iodine in the salt (< 15 ppm) 200 36.4
 Adequate iodine in the salt (> 15 ppm) 184 33.5
 No salt at home 5 0.9
Place where salt is store
 Exposed to sun light 4 0.7
 Near to fire in the kitchen 7 1.3
 Far from sun light and fire 536 97.6
 Other 2 0.4
  1. aIndicate One US Dollar = 27.00 Ethiopian Birr (ETB)