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Table 1 Comparison of participant parameters, reported falls, mental status and fall risk scores for both treadmill only participants and gait training +VFB participants

From: Visual biofeedback training reduces quantitative drugs index scores associated with fall risk

Variable Pre-treatment scores Post-treatment scores p value
Treadmill only Gait training +VFB Treadmill only Gait training +VFB
Age 75.6 ± 1.56 78.4 ± 1.19    0.15
BMI 27.2 ± 1.14 27.1 ± 1.34    0.94
MMSE 28.4 ± 0.28 28.4 ± 0.29    0.92
Falls 1.55 ± 0.71 1.14 ± 0.25    0.59
ABC scale 78.4 ± 3.58 75.0 ± 3.03 79.4 ± 4.09 75.0 ± 3.46 0.75
  1. The sample size was N = 20 in the treadmill only group and N = 28 in the treadmill plus visual feedback (+VFB) group. One participant was lost for body mass index (BMI) calculation in the treadmill only group (N = 19), as weight was not recorded for the participant. Falls were the number of reported falls by participants within the previous 12 months. Two group T-test were conducted on the variables: age, body mass index (BMI), mini-mental status exam (MMSE) and reported falls in the previous 12 months. A 2-WAY repeated measures analysis of variance was conducted on the variable activity specific balance confidence (ABC) scale