Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with incomplete immunization coverage 

From: Immunization coverage and factors associated with incomplete vaccination in children aged 12 to 59 months in health structures in Lomé

Characteristics of respondents (N) Children fully immunized Children partially or no immunized Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
N % N % OR 95% CI p-value aOR 95% CI p-value
Sex (n = 785)        0.008    < 0.001
 Female 527 96.9 223 92.5 1    1   
 Male 17 3.1 18 7.5 2.5 [1.3; 4.9]   2.7 [1.3; 5.8]  
Relationship between respondent and child (n = 784)        0.002    
 Mother 515 94.5 210 87.9 1      
 Other 30 5.5 29 12.1 2.4 [1.4; 4.1]     
Education level (n = 787)        < 0.001    < 0.001
 > Primary 371 67.9 123 51.0 1    1   
 ≤ Primary 175 32.1 118 49.0 2.0 [1.5; 2.8]   2.2 [1.6; 3.1]  
Median age group (n = 780) (years)        0.323    
 ≥ 30 247 45.7 100 41.8 1      
 < 30 294 54.3 139 58.2 1.2 [0.9; 1.6]     
Marital status (n = 787)        < 0.001    < 0.001
 Married 484 88.6 184 76.4 1    1   
 Other 62 11.4 57 23.6 2.4 [1.6; 3.6]   2.6 [1.6; 4.0]  
Religion (n = 786)        0.0022    
 Catholic 232 42.6 75 31.1 1      
 Protestant 155 28.4 66 27.4 1.3 [0.9; 1.9]     
 Muslim 72 13.2 52 21.6 2.2 [1.4; 2.5]     
 Other 86 15.8 48 19.9 1.7 [1.1; 2.7]     
Occupation (n = 785)        0.002    0.053
 Not working 23 4.2 7 2.9 1    1   
 Salaried employee 66 12.1 12 5.0 0.6 [0.2; 1.8]   0.6 [0.2; 1.9]  
 Housewife 81 14.9 63 26.3 2.6 [1.1; 6.8]   1.8 [0.7; 5.1]  
 Retailer (self employed) 174 31.9 71 29.6 1.3 [0.6; 3.5]   1.1 [0.4; 3.1]  
 Other 201 36.9 87 36.2 1.4 [0.6; 3.3]   1.2 [0.5; 3.2]  
House type (n = 786)        0.3944    
 Multiple dwelling unit 323 59.3 135 56.0 1      
 Single family home 222 40.7 106 44.0 1.1 [0.8; 1.6]     
Health structures (n = 788)        0.008    <0.001
 Secondary level 153 28.0 48 19.8 1    1   
 Tertiary level 157 28.8 93 38.5 1.4 [0.9; 2.0]   1.0 [0.7; 1.6]  
 Primary level 236 43.2 101 41.7 1.9 [1.2; 2.9]   2.0 [1.3; 3.2]  
Sex of the child (n = 786)        0.3544    
 Female 266 48.8 109 45.2 1      
 Male 279 51.2 132 54.8 1.1 [0.8; 1.6]     
Age of child (n = 788) (months)        0.9514    
 12–24 286 52.4 124 51.2 1      
 24–36 136 24.9 61 25.2 1.0 [0.7; 1.5]     
 36–59 124 22.7 57 23.6 1.1 [0.7; 1.5]     
Birth order (n = 764)        0.031    
 1 213 40.0 70 30.1 1      
 2 162 30.5 80 34.5 1.5 [1.0; 2.2]     
 ≥ 3 157 29.5 82 35.4 1.6 [1.1; 2.3]     
Availability of immunization card (n = 779)        < 0.001    < 0.001
 Yes 209 38.7 38 15.9 1    1   
 No 331 61.3 201 84.1 3.3 [2.3; 4.9]   3.5 [2.4; 5.4]  
Knowledge level (n = 89)        0.197    
 ≥ 2 32 46.4 6 30.0 1      
 ≤ 1 37 53.6 14 70.0 2.0 [0.7; 6.3]     
  1. aOR: adjusted odds-ratio; CI: confidence interval