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Table 3 Factors associated with adherence to iron and folic acid supplementation among pregnant women attending antenatal care in North Wollo Zone, (COR and AOR) northern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Iron and folic acid supplementation adherence among pregnant women attending antenatal care in North Wollo Zone northern Ethiopia: institution based cross-sectional study

Variables Adherence COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes (%) No (%)
Mother educational status
No formal education 64 (38.3) 103 (61.7) 1 1
Primary (grade 1–8th) 24 (40.0) 36 (60.0) 1.07 (0.58–1.96) 1.39 (0.66–2.93)
Secondary and above 94 (48.2) 101 (51.8) 1.49 (0.98–2.28) 0.96 (0.58–1.59)
Residence
Urban 173 (47.1) 194 (52.9) 4.55 (2.16–9.58) 2.34 (0.99–5.51)
Rural 9 (16.4) 46 (83.6) 1 1
Getting IFA tablet free of charge
Yes 166 (44.9) 203 (55.1) 1.89 (1.01–3.52) 2.12 (0.97–4.51)
No 16 (30.2) 37 (69.8) 1 1
Current anemia status
Anemic 19 (52.7) 17 (47.3) 1.53 (0.77–3.03) 1.96 (0.85–4.49)
Non anemic 163 (42.2) 223 (57.8) 1 1
Obtain counseling on IFA
Yes 169 (48) 183 (52) 4.04 (2.14–7.66) 2.93 (1.43–6.03)*
No 13 (18.6) 57 (81.4) 1 1
Encountered shortage of IFA
Yes 24 (30.8) 54 (69.2) 0.52 (0.31–0.88) 0.74 (0.38–1.45)
No 158 (45.9) 186 (54.1) 1 1
Frequency of ANC visits
≥ 4 visits 44 (74.6) 15 (25.4) 4.78 (2.56–8.92) 2.94 (1.39–6.21)**
< 4 visits 138 (38) 225 (62) 1 1
Time of registration
Early (< 16 weeks) 130 (53.9) 111 (46.1) 2.90 (1.93–4.37) 3.04 (1.85–5.01)***
Late (≥ 16 weeks) 52 (28.7) 129 (71.3) 1 1
Knowledge of anemia
Good knowledge 129 (59.7) 87 (40.3) 4.28 (2.83–6.48) 2.25 (1.32–3.82)*
Poor knowledge 53 (25.7) 153 (74.3) 1 1
Knowledge of IFAS
Good knowledge 139 (57.4) 103 (42.6) 4.30 (2.80–6.59) 2.47 (1.47–4.16)****
Poor knowledge 43 (23.9) 137 (76.1) 1 1
  1. Significant at: * P = 0.003, ** P = 005, *** P < 0.001, **** P = 0.001, 1 = reference