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Table 2 Bivariable and multivariable analysis of factors for anemia among HIV+ patients on ART at Debere Tabor Hospital, North West Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 365)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of anemia among adult human immune deficiency virus positive patients on anti-retroviral therapy at Debre tabor Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Anemia COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Anemic Non Anemic
Sex
 Female 56 83 1.6 (1.01, 2.44)* 1.9 (1.06, 3.69)*
 Male 68 158 1 1
Educational status
 Unable to read and write 62 59 3.3 (1.62, 6.79)* 3.2 (1.24, 8.40)*
 Able to read and write 17 28 1.9 (.804, 4.559) 1.6 (.53, 4.67)
 Primary school 19 72 0.832 (.373, 1.858) 1.1 (.39, 2.86)
 Secondary school 13 41 1.00 (.414, 2.416) 1.4 (.45, 4.22)
 Diploma and above 13 41 1 1
WHO clinical stage
 Stage I 55 156 1 1
 Stage II 21 49 1.2 (.67, 2.21) 0.7 (0.27, 1.90)
 Stage III 29 22 3.7 (1.98, 7.05)* 1.2 (.31, 4.28)
 Stage IV 19 14 3.85 (1.808, 8.195)* 0.64 (.122, 3.328)
ART regimens
 AZT/3TC/NVP 38 103 5.6 (1.46, 22.61)* 5.9 (1.04, 13.86)*
 AZT/3TC/EFV 14 22 1.4 (0.54, 3.74) 1.3 (0.39, 4.49)
 TDF/3TC/EFV 57 87 2.4 (0.79, 7.48) 1.6 (0.41, 6.51)
 TDF/3TC/NVP 6 23 1 1
CD4 count (cells/mm3)
 < 200 35 19 5.6 (2.95, 10.79)* 4.8 (1.14, 12.42)*
 200–350 22 37 1.8 (0.97, 3.39) 1.2 (0.33, 3.98)
 351–500 20 41 1.5 (0.798, 2.800) 2.0 (0.82, 5.08)
 > 500 47 144 1 1
Dietary diversity score
 Inadequate DDS 96 145 2.3 (1.39, 3.72)* 2.2 (1.15, 4.26)*
 Adequate DDS 28 96 1 1
  1. * indicates significant at a p value of < 0.05