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Table 2 Knowledge status of mothers about sunlight exposure of their infants among who attend EPI service in Aleta Wendo Health Center, Aleta Wondo Town, Southern Ethiopia, 2018 (N = 312)

From: Knowledge and practice on adequate sunlight exposure of infants among mothers attending EPI unit of Aleta Wondo Health Center, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Variable Categories Number Percent (%)
Maternal positive belief towards the benefit of sunlight exposure of infants Yes 265 84.9
No 47 15.1
Benefit of sunlight exposure (n = 265) Strengthen bone 157 59.3
Strengthen teeth 18 6.8
Strengthen body 18 6.8
Produce vitamin D 56 21.1
Keep child warm 16 6.0
Maternal perception harmfulness of sunlight exposure of infants Yes 152 48.7
No 160 51.3
Harmful effects of sunlight exposure (N = 152) Skin cancer 67 21.5
Sun burn 30 9.6
Inflammation and Hyper pigmentation 21 6.7
Blindness 26 8.3
Sterility 8 2.6
Good time to expose infants to sunlight Morning time 282 90.4
After noon Time 15 4.8
Evening time 8 2.6
Any time 7 2.2
Awareness about the effect of inadequate or absence of sunlight exposure such as rickets Yes 204 65.4
No 108 34.6
Awareness attribute to detection of rickets (sign of rickets) (N = 204) Late closure of fontanel 56 27.5
Late tooth eruption 18 8.8
Bowing of leg 63 30.9
Enlargements of joints 24 11.8
Knock knee 30 14.7
Weak leg 9 4.4
Don’t know 4 2.0
Knowledge attribute to prevention and/or curability of rickets (N = 204) Yes 156 76.4
No 35 17.2
Don’t know 13 6.4
Treatment or prevention option of rickets (N = 204) Follow doctors advice 107 52.5
Early detection and treatment 19 9.3
Adequate Diet Intake 25 12.2
Sunbathing the child 30 14.7
Don’t know 23 11.3