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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical variables of the study population

From: Dyslipidaemia is common among patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study at Tema Port Clinic

Variables Type 2 diabetes
(N = 100)
Controls
(N = 61)
95% CI p-value
(t-test)
Age (years) 51.67 ± 9.25 42.05 ± 7.96 − 12.85 to (− 6.39) < 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 28.37 ± 5.72 28.23 ± 4.84 − 7.35 to 4.97 0.9241
SBP (mmHg) 143.48 ± 24.97 135.16 ± 19.98 − 15.71 to (− 0.92) 0.0288
DBP (mmHg) 83.37 ± 15.06 74. 54 ± 13.51 47.17 to 56.41 0.0001
FBG (mmol/L) 11.62 ± 7.81 5.03 ± 0.61 − 8.56 to (− 4.62) < 0.0001
T. Chol (mmol/L) 6.13 ± 0.70 4.58 ± 0.65 − 1.76 to (− 1.33) < 0.0001
TG (mmol/L) 1.57 ± 1.01 1.04 ± 0.43 − 0.79 to (− 0.26) 0.0001
HDL (mmol/L) 1.26 ± 0.48 1.26 ± 0.47 − 0.15 to 0.15 1.0000
LDL (mmol/L) 3.68 ± 0.96 2.85 ± 0.86 − 1.12 to (− 0.53) 0.0001
Cardiovascular risk 4.88 ± 1.46 3.54 ± 1.38 − 1.79 to (− 0.88) 0.0001
Atherogenic index 5.89 ± 1.02 3.18 ± 0.08 − 2.96 to (− 2.45) < 0.0001
Total Bil (μmol/L) 11.82 ± 8.43 13.75 ± 4.97 − 0.40 to 4.26 0.1065
Direct Bil (μmol/L) 4.42 ± 2.13 4.35 ± 2.53 − 0.79 to 0.65 0.8509
Indirect Bil (μmol/L) 7.72 ± 4.00 9.39 ± 3.92 0.40 to 2.93 0.0105
GGT (U/L) 30.45 ± 18.28 30.43 ± 11.58 − 5.04 to 5.20 0.9756
ALT (U/L) 35.04 ± 21.28 27.85 ± 9.49 − 12.85 to (− 1.53) 0.0138
AST (U/L) 32.60 ± 6.31 30.36 ± 7.27 − 3.93 to (− 0.54) 0.0805
ALP (U/L) 182.82 ± 64.57 177.50 ± 52.69 − 24.54 to 13.90 0.5882
Total protein (g/L) 65.77 ± 15.46 68.35 ± 10.06 − 1.774 to 6.934 0.2473
Albumin (g/L) 38.32 ± 7.24 38.60 ± 5.87 − 1.87 to 2.43 0.7990
Duration of DM (years) 3.53 ± 4.72
  1. Values are given as mean ± SD. Atherogenic index = [(TC − HDL)/HDL], Cardiovascular risk = [TC/HDL], p < 0.05 is statistically significant
  2. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BMI body mass index, T. Chol total cholesterol, TG is triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, FBG fasting blood glucose, AST aspartate transaminase, ALT alanine transaminase, GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase, ALP alkaline phosphatase, Bil bilirubin, DM diabetes mellitus
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