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Table 2 Predictors for poor glycemic control in patients with T2D on follow up at diabetes center, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Predictors of poor glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes on follow-up care at a tertiary healthcare setting in Ethiopia

Category Subcategory Glycemic control level COR (95% of CI) AOR (95% of CI) p-value
Poor Good
Sex Male 74 (44.0) 94 (56.0) 1 1  
Female 170 (89.9) 19 (10.1) 1.25 (1.8–2.21) 1.59 (1.20–2.38) 0.041**
Age Mean (± SD) 56 ± 11 57 ± 12 2.11 (0.81–1.75) 1.57 (1.11–2.31) 0.146
Marital status Never married 8 (61.5) 5 (38.5) 0.89 (0.55–1.47) 0.93 (0.81–1.35) 0.593
Ever married 236 (68.6) 108 (31.4) 1 1  
Education No formal education 33 (66.0) 17 (34.0) 2.81 (0.21–0.89)* 1.59 (0.37–1.09) 0.061
Primary (1–8) 47 (74.6) 16 (25.4) 2.51 (0.31–1.53) 2.10 (0.75–1.77) 0.089
Secondary (9–12) 66 (64.1) 37 (35.9) 1.22 (0.51–1.28) 1.11 (0.55–1.31) 0.102
Tertiary (graduates) 98 (69.5) 43 (30.5) 1 1  
Exercise No 81 (77.1) 24 (22.9) 3.71 (0.24–0.87)* 2.92 (0.78–1.10) 0.092
Yes 163 (64.7) 89 (35.3) 1 1  
Complications No 51 (35.9) 91 (64.1) 1 1  
Yes 193 (89.9) 22 (10.1) 2.20 (0.44–.88)* 2.0 (0.69–1.06) 0.074
BMI (kg/m2) Normal 15 (45.5) 18 (54.5) 1 1  
Overweight 94 (64.8) 51 (35.2) 1.49 (0.23–0.91)* 1.68 (1.01–2.55) 0.061
Obese 135 (75.4) 44 (24.6) 2.88 (1.27–2.86) 3.51 (1.82–4.01) 0.027**
Lipid control Good 45 (35.4) 82 (64.6) 1 1  
Poor 199 (86.5) 31 (13.5) 2.35 (0.29–0.83)* 2.13 (0.57–1.34) 0.088
BP control Controlled 43 (35.5) 78 (64.5) 1 1  
Uncontrolled 201 (85.2) 35 (14.8) 3.41 (0.61–1.33) 4.51 (0.89–1.94) 0.112
Antidiabetics Oral alone 13 (1.4) 55 (28.6) 1 1  
Oral + insulin 71 (71.7) 28 (28.3) 1.11 (0.29–0.97)* 1.81 (0.59–1.64) 0.067
Insulin 36 (54.5) 30 (45.5) 0.85 (0.66–1.20) 0.96 (0.79–1.38) 0.091
Adherence Low adherence 102 (65.0) 55 (35.0) 4.59 (1.13–4.58) 5.10 (1.18–6.55) 0.001*
High adherence 65 (73.0) 24 (27.0) 1 1  
Dietary plan Poor adherence 192 (91.0) 19 (9.0) 2.91 (0.31–0.85)* 3.44 (0.71–1.55) 0.098
Good adherence 62 (39.7) 94 (60.3) 1 1  
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, BP blood pressure
  2. * Indicates p ≤ 0.05 in the univariate and ** ≤ 0.05 in the multivariate analysis