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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Prevalence and patterns of skin toning practices among female students in Ghana: a cross-sectional university-based survey

Variable Category N = 389 %  
Age Less than 20 133 34.2  
20 63 16.2  
21 72 18.5  
22 87 22.4  
23 13 3.3 Mean ± SD
24 9 2.3 22 ± 1.5
25 and above 12 3.1  
Marital status Single 356 91.5  
Married 33 8.5  
Skin colour Fair 159 40.9  
Dark 230 59.1  
Which area did you grow up Rural 52 13.4  
Urban 337 86.6  
Where do you reside during vacation Rural 64 16.5  
Urban 325 83.5  
Nature of senior high school attended Private 39 10.0  
Public 350 90.0  
Category of senior high school attended. Mixed school 114 29.3  
Girls school 275 70.7  
Level of students Level 100 115 29.6  
Level 200 135 34.7  
Level 300 45 11.6  
Level 400 94 24.2  
Where do you reside in the school Campus 197 50.6  
Off-campus 192 49.4  
Classification of accommodation Hostel 311 79.9  
Homestel 78 20.1  
Income (Ghs) Less than 100 73 18.8  
101–200 119 30.6  
201–300 67 17.2  
301–400 36 9.3  
401–500 24 6.2 Mean ± SD
More than 500 70 18.0 250.5 ± 1.74
Religion Christianity 362 93.1  
Islam 12 3.1  
Traditional 15 3.9  
Ethnicity Akan 303 77.9  
Ewe 41 10.5  
Ga 3 0.8  
Mole Dangbani 15 3.9  
Guan 9 2.3  
Other specify 18 4.6  
Programme of study Health-related 297 76.3  
Non-health related 92 23.7