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Table 2 Factors associated with intestinal parasitosis among patients at Shahura Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and associated factors of intestinal parasitic infections among patients attending Shahura Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia

Factors associated with intestinal parasitosis Number (%) Number of +ve for IP (%) Number of −ve for IP (%) Crude OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Hand wash reason before meal
 Yes 313 (86) 181 (57.8) 132 (42.2) 0.758 [0.419–1.372] 0.361
 No 51 (14) 26 (51) 15 (49) 1  
Hand washing habit before meal
 Always 202 (55.5) 110 (54.5) 92 (45.5) 1.045 [0.273–4.007] 0.948
 Mostly 23 (6.3) 12 (52.2) 11 (47.8) 1.146 [0.244–5.391]  
 Often 6 (1.6) 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3) 6.250 [0.504–77.494]  
 Sometimes 124 (34.1) 79 (63.7) 45 (36.3) 0.712 [0.182–2.788]  
 Rarely 9 (2.5) 5 (55.6) 4 (44.4) 1  
Source of drinking water
 Pipe 173 (47.5) 94 (54.3) 79 (45.7) 1.513 [0.908–2.520] 0.112
 River 56 (15.4) 32 (57.1) 24 (42.9) 1.350 [0.690–2.642]  
 Pond 37 (10.2) 18 (48.6) 19 (51.4) 1.900 [0.883–4.086]  
 Unprotected spring 98 (26.9) 63 (64.3) 35 (35.7) 1  
Storage of water in wide-open pot
 Yes 108 (29.7) 60 (55.6) 48 (44.4) 1.079 [0.686–1.698] 0.743
 No 256 (70.3) 147 (57.4) 109 (42.6) 1  
Contact with water bodies
 Yes 73 (20.1) 42 (57.5) 31 (42.5) 0.967 [0.575–1.624] 0.898
 No 291 (79.9) 165 (56.7) 126 (43.3) 1  
Habit of eating raw vegetable
 Yes 97 (26.6) 60 (61.9) 37 (38.1) 0.755 [0.470–1.215] 0.248
 No 267 (73.4) 147 (55.1) 120 (44.9) 1  
Habit of eating raw meat
 Yes 98 (26.9) 58 (59.2) 40 (40.8) 0.878 [0.549–1.405] 0.588
 No 266 (73.1) 149 (56) 117 (44) 1  
Have latrine
 Yes 316 (86.8) 182 (57.6) 134 (42.4) 0.800 [0.435–1.471] 0.473
 No 48 (13.2) 25 (52.1) 23 (47.9) 1  
Type of latrine
 Family 299 (82.1) 174 (58.2) 125 (41.8) 0.678 [0.336–1.368] 0.279   
 Public 30 (8.2) 16 (53.3) 14 (46.7) 0.826 [0.311–2.195]  
 Field 35 (9.7) 17 (48.6) 18 (51.4) 1  
Latrine usage habit
 Always 223 (61.3) 124 (55.6) 99 (44.4) 0.748 [0.353–1.588] 0.450
 Sometimes 110 (30.2) 68 (61.8) 42 (38.2) 0.579 [0.260–1.292]  
 Rarely 31 (8.5) 15 (48.4) 16 (51.6) 1  
Hand washing habit after toilet visit
 Always 171 (47) 90 (52.6) 81 (47.4) 1.050 [0.523–2.109] 0.891
 Mostly 25 (6.9) 14 (56) 11 (44) 0.917 [0.334–2.517]  
 Often 19 (5.2) 14 (73.7) 5 (26.3) 0.417 [0.126–1.383]  
 Sometimes 110 (30.2) 68 (61.8) 42 (38.2) 0.721 [0.345–1.507]  
 Rarely 39 (10.7) 21 (53.8) 18 (46.2) 1  
Presence of domestic animal
 Yes 234 (64.3) 139 (59.4) 95 (40.6) 1.334 [0.866–2.055] 0.191
 No 130 (35.7) 68 (52.3) 62 (47.7) 1  
Presence of cat or dog
 Yes 216 (59.3) 134 (62) 82 (38) 0.596 [0.390–0.910] 0.016
 No 148 (40.7) 73 (49.3) 75 (50.7) 1  
Presence of stomach pain
 Yes 337 (92.6) 196 (58.2) 141 (41.8) 0.455 [0.223–0.989] 0.048 0.401 [0.174–0.925] 0.032
 No 27 (7.4) 11 (40.7) 16 (59.3) 1   1  
Presence of diarrhea
 Yes 170 (46.7) 89 (52.4) 81 (47.6) 0.413 [0.931–0.844] 0.041 0.474 [0.191–0.948] 0.007
 No 194 (53.3) 118 (60.8) 76 (39.2) 1   1  
Presence of bloody diarrhea
 Yes 42 (11.5) 27 (64.3) 15 (35.7) 0.704 [0.361–1.374] 0.304
 No 322 (88.5) 180 (55.9) 142 (44.1) 1  
Habit of trimming nail
 Yes 289 (79.4) 169 (58.5) 120 (41.5) 0.729 [0.438–1.214] 0.225
 No 75 (20.6) 38 (50.7) 37 (49.3) 1  
Presence of dirt on the nail
 Yes 131 (36) 81 (61.8) 50 (38.2) 0.727 [0.470–1.125] 0.152
 No 233 (64) 126 (54.1) 107 (45.9) 1  
Have protective shoes
 Yes 341 (93.7) 194 (56.9) 147 (43.1) 0.985 [0.420–2.309] 0.972
 No 23 (6.3) 13 (56.5) 10 (43.5) 1  
Habit of wearing shoes
 Always 230 (63.2) 122 (53) 108 (47) 1.012 [0.355–2.882] 0.983
 Sometimes 119 (32.7) 77 (64.7) 42 (35.3) 0.623 [0.211–1.839]  
 Rarely 15 (4.1) 8 (53.3) 7 (46.7) 1  
Personal hygiene
 Good 262 (72) 143 (54.6) 119 (45.4) 1.402 [0.877–2.241] 0.159
 Poor 102 (28) 64 (62.7) 38 (37.3) 1