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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with UTI among pregnant women attending ANC clinic of ACSH, December 2017–August 2018

From: Biofilm and hemagglutinin formation: a Hallmark for drug resistant uropathogenic Escherichia coli

Variables Culture COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value
SB negative
no. (%)
SB positive
no. (%)
Educational level
 Illiterate 28 (59.6) 19 (40.4) 2.07 (0.23, 7.008) 0.078 3.001 (0.702, 16.903) 0.115
 Only write & write 11 (53.4) 10 (47.6) 1.711 (0.513, 7.940) 0.234 3.975 (0.574, 22.876) 0.110
 Primary school 55 (73.3) 20 (26.7) 1.561 (0.685, 3.987) 0.209 2.421 (0.692, 9.759) 0.170
 Secondary school 69 (75.0) 23 (25.0) 1.602 (0.573, 4.112) 0.363 1.989 (0.766, 7.095) 0.152
 Higher education 77 (83.7) 15 (16.3) 1    
History of UTI
 Yes 81 (71.1) 33 (28.9) 9.932 (4.904, 20.114) 0.001 8.015 (4.005, 19.908) 0.001*
 No 201 (96.2) 8 (3.8) 1    
History of catheterization
 Yes 86 (83.5) 17 (16.5) 6.003 (3.113, 10.976) 0.002 3.270 (1.316, 8.122) 0.012*
 No 214 (97.3) 6 (2.7) 1    
History of hospitalization (last 3 months)
 Yes 62 (78.5) 17 (21.5) 4.038 (1.843, 8.633) 0.032 3.102 (0.535, 11.765) 0.348
 No 201 (82.4) 43 (17.6) 1    
History of antibiotic use (last 3 months)
 Yes 37 (61.7) 23 (38.3) 1.227 (2.007, 6.406) 0.057 2.102 (0.724, 3.935) 0.834
 No 217 (82.5) 46 (17.5) 1    
  1. SB Significant bacteriuria, ACSH Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio