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Table 2 Bivariate and a multivariate logistic analysis result of the study subjects among adult patients attending medical OPD at Worabe Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, SNNR, Ethiopia 2018, (n = 406)

From: The magnitude and correlates of common mental disorder among outpatient medical patients in Ethiopia: an institution based cross-sectional study

Variables Categories CMD Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Yes No
Gender Male 69 138 1 1
Female 90 109 1.65 (1.11, 2.47) 2.03 (1.28, 3.22)*
Age 18–30 62 122 0.57 (0.33, 0.99) 1.23 (0.58, 2.62)
31–40 38 54 0.79 (0.42, 1.48) 1.25 (0.57, 2.72)
41–50 26 34 0.86 (0.43, 1.72) 1.31 (0.59, 2.92)
> 50 33 37 1 1
Duration of illness (months) ≤ 12 126 213 1 1
>12 33 34 1.64 (0.97, 2.78) 0.97 (0.48, 1.96)
A family history of psychiatric illness Yes 15 13 1.87 (0.87, 4.10) 2.03 (0.86, 4.81)
No 144 234   1
Chronic illness Diabetes mellitus 36 17 4.80 (2.53, 9.08) 5.25 (2.35, 11.73)*
Hypertension 21 21 2.28 (1.17, 4.40) 1.78 (0.75, 4.22)
Cardiac illness 10 14 1.62 (0.69, 3.81) 1.96 (0.70, 5.51)
Others 17 25 1.54 (0.79, 3.02) 1.36 (0.56, 3.30)
No-chronic illness 75 170 1 1
Social support Poor 86 64 3.65 (2.34, 5.70) 3.56 (2.21, 5.57)*
Moderate 17 31 1.49 (0.77, 1.90) 1.79 (0.86, 3.70)
Strong 56 152 1 1
Current substance use Yes 91 101 1.93 (1.29, 2.90) 1.93 (1.23, 3.04)*
No 68 146 1 1
  1. Others: chronic asthma, kidney problem, both HTN, and DM
  2. p-value statically significant; p-value * < 0.05; p-value Hosmer and Lemeshow = 0.67