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Table 1 Measures used in the study

From: The association between attendings’ feedback and residents’ reporting of near-misses

Measures Items Response scale
Patient acuity (sum score of two items; scores range from 0 to 20 or more) 1. Number of critically-ill patients cared for during the shift
2. Number of trauma patients cared for during the shift
0 to 10 or more
QWCa work-related exhaustion (sum score of three items; scores range from 0 to 100) 1. I feel emotionally drained after work
2. I feel worn out after work
3. I feel tired when I think about work
Likert-type 1 (never) to 5 (daily)
Biological biomarker Pre-shift serum Tumor-Necrosis-Factor-alpha levels
QWC feedback (sum score of three items; scores range from 0 to 100) 1. Does your supervisor make it clear what is expected of you in your work
2. Does your supervisor let you know when you have done a job well
3. Does your supervisor let you know when you have done a job poorly
Likert-type 1 (not at all) to 4 (To a great extent)
Reported near-misses
Residents’ self-reports “Did you have any near-misses” None, one or more than one
  1. aQuality-work-competence questionnaire