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Table 2 Multivariable analysis of factors associated with food poisoning outbreak in Dewachefa, Oromia Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Food poisoning outbreak investigation in Dewachefa woreda, Oromia Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, 2018

Variables Respondent status COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Case Control
Sex
 Female 14 75 1 1  
 Male 21 65 2.89 (1.01–12.14) 3.57 (1.37–9.32) 0.009*
Eating raw meat
 No 21 115 1 1  
 Yes 14 25 3.07 (2.20–50.41) 11.04 (3.03–40.17) 0.000*
Drinking raw milk
 No 12 64 1 1  
 Yes 23 76 1.61 (0.91–10.13) 4.81 (1.42–16.23) 0.011*
Hand washing after defecation
 No 30 40 15.0 (0.65–9.12 5.23 (0.12–10.24) 0.09
 Yes 5 100 1 1
Hand washing before eating
 No 20 35 4.00 (2.75–9.23 13.42 (3.63–49.72) 0.000*
 Yes 15 105 1 1
 Cleaning materials for feeding utensils
  Water only 15 75 0.08 (0.02–0.42 0.06 (0.01–0.25) 0.000*
  Water with soap 5 40 0.05 (0.01–0.40) 0.06 (0.01–0.32) 0.000*
  Ash 15 25 1 1 0.001*
Dispose of garbage
 Pit 10 55 1 1  
 Open field 25 85 1.62 (0.07–5.60) 1.01 (0.06–4.54) 0.08
Sources of drinking water
 Pipe 30 105 1 1  
 Well 5 35 9.25 (6.01–70.90 11.50 (1.96–67.49) 0.007*
  1. *Statistical significance (p-value < 0.05)