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Table 3 Factors associated with common mental disorders among prisoners in Addis Ababa correctional center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2015. (n = 447)

From: The prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders among prisoners in Addis Ababa: an institution based cross-sectional study

Variables Categories Common mental disorder COR, 95% (CI) AOR, 95% (CI)
Yes No
Level of educational Illiterate 37 17 2.96 (1.37, 6.41) 2.34 (0.87–6.32)
Primary 116 89 1.78 (0.99, 3.18) 1.5 (0.70–3.38)
Secondary 83 46 2.45 (1.31, 4.61) 2.3 (1.04, 5.20)*
Above tertiary 25 34 1:00 1:00
Social support Poor 147 71 3.1 (1.74, 5.40) 2.4 (1.16, 4.85)**
Moderate 87 75 1.72 (0.96, 3.10) 1.8 (0.80–3.17)
Strong 27 40 1:00 1:00
Financial crisis No 67 112 1:00 1:00
Yes 194 74 4.4 (3.00, 6.57) 3 (1.84, 4.85)***
Job before arrested Yes 117 126 1:00 1:00
No 144 60 2.6 (1.75, 3.83) 1.7 (1.04, 2.80)*
Ever diagnosed psychiatric illness No 236 182 1:00 1:00
Yes 25 4 (1.64, 14.10) 4.3 (1.21, 15.56)*
  1. Significant association (* P-value < 0.05, ** P-value < 0.01 and *** P-value < 0.001), n = sample size P-value for Hosmer and Lemeshew test = 0.56 common mental disorder