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Table 1 Patient characteristics of the Asthmatic patients on follow up at Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

From: Determinants of poorly controlled asthma among asthmatic patients in Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: a case control study

Variables Control Case
Frequency % Frequency %
Sex
 Male 64 52.9 54 44.6
 Female 57 47.1 67 55.4
Age of the respondent (years)
 18–34 40 33.1 16 13.2
 35–54 52 43.0 34 28.1
 > 55 29 24.0 71 58.7
Residence
 Urban 72 59.5 42 34.7
 Rural 49 40.5 79 65.3
Marital status
 Single 12 9.9 8 6.6
 Married 97 80.2 83 68.6
 Divorced 4 3.3 9 7.4
 Widowed 8 6.6 21 17.4
Educational status
 Higher 22 18.2 11 9.1
 Secondary 19 15.7 10 8.3
 Primary 37 30.6 26 21.5
 Illiterate 43 35.5 74 61.2
Occupational status
 Government employee 47 39.2 20 16.5
 Merchant 12 10 8 6.6
 Housewife 8 6.7 14 11.6
 Farmer 38 31.7 47 38.8
 Retired 6 5.0 25 20.7
 Others 10 8.2 7 5.8
Monthly income
 ≤ 1200 43 35.5 88 72.7
 1201–2499 25 20.7 15 12.4
 ≥ 2500 53 43.8 18 14.9
Smoking status
 Never 108 89.3 68 56.2
 Previously 9 7.4 37 30.6
 Current 4 3.3 18 13.2
Residence
 Urban     
 Rural     
Chat chewing
 Yes 24 19.8 28 23.1
 No 97 80.2 93 76.9
Drinking alcohol
 Yes 116 95.9 105 86.8
 No 5 4.1 16 13.2
Visiting the doctor
 Scheduled 109 90.1 95 84.3
 Unscheduled 12 9.9 26 15.7
Knowledge about asthma
 Good 112 92.6 35 28.9
 Poor 9 7.4 86 71.5
Attitude about asthma
 Positive attitude 89 73.6 53 43.8
 Negative attitude 32 26.4 68 56.2
ICS
 Yes 90 74.4 68 56.2
 No 31 25.6 55 43.8
Level of adherence to ICS
 Adherent 76 84.4 13 19.1
 Non adherent 14 15.6 55 80.9
  1. Others: unemployed, private workers but not merchant, student