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Table 2 Characteristics of non-ART drugs used (n = 125)

From: Comorbidities and polypharmacy among HIV-positive patients aged 50 years and over: a case–control study

Characteristic Age < 50 years, n = 65 Age ≥ 50 years, n = 60 Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
Polypharmacy 17 (26.5%) 42 (23.3%) 6.58 (3.01–14.39) < 0.001
Antihypertensive medication 2 (3.1%) 21 (35%) 11.37 (2.75–46.46) < 0.001
Antihyperglycemic medication 2 (3.1%) 17 (28.3%) 9.2 (2.22–38.19) < 0.001
NSAIDs 4 (6.2%) 14 (23.3%) 3.79 (1.32–10.88) 0.009
Anticonvulsants/anxiolytics 4 (6.2%) 14 (23.3%) 3.79 (1.32–10.88) 0.009
Current sildenafil use 6 (9.2%) 14 (23.3%) 2.52 (1.03–6.15) 0.032
Antacid 4 (6.2%) 12 (20%) 3.25 (1.1–9.53) 0.03
Antihyperglycemic agents 1 (1.5%) 11 (18.3%) 11.91 (1.58–89.54) 0.001
Vitamins/minerals 1 (1.5%) 11 (18.3%) 11.91 (1.58–89.54) 0.002
Antidepressants 4 (6.4%) 4 (6.2%) 1.08 (0.28–4.14) 1.0
Antibiotics 11 (16.9%) 3 (5%) 0.29 (0.08–0.98) 0.047
Diuretics 1 (1.5%) 2 (3.3%) 2.16 (0.2–23.28) 0.60
Food supplements 0 (0%) 3 (5%)   0.10
  1. Data are presented as the number (%)