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Table 3 Antimicrobial resistance profile of the isolated organisms at DMRH, 2013–2017

From: Type of bacterial isolates and antimicrobial resistance profile from different clinical samples at a Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: five years data analysis

Type of the isolates Tested antimicrobial agents
NOR
n (%)
TET
n (%)
AMP
n (%)
CIP
n (%)
SXT
n (%)
CRO
n (%)
CHF
n (%)
DOX
n (%)
CN
n (%)
AMC
n (%)
AMO
n (%)
G −ve isolates
 E. coli (36) R 20 (56) 24 (67) 36 (100) 19 (53) 22 (61) 13 (36) 16 (44) 17 (47) 15 (42) 15 (42) 15 (42)
 Klebsiella sp. (22) R 11 (50) 18 (82) 22 (100) 9 (41) 17 (77) 8 (36) 10 (46) 12 (55) 10 (46) 9 (40.9) 13 (59)
 Shigella sp. (28) R 20 (71) 21 (75) 28 (100) 12 (43) 24 (86) 13 (46) 22 (79) 20 (71) 24 (86) 13 (46) 15 (54)
 P. aeruginosa (28) R 21 (75) 24 (86) 28 (100) 14 (50) 24 (86) 15 (54) 17 (61) 22 (79) 12 (43) 11 (39) 18 (64)
 Salmonella sp. (40) R 25 (63) 30 (75) 40 (100) 18 (45) 20 (50) 16 (40) 22 (55) 24 (60) 19 (48) 21 (53) 22 (55)
 Enterobacter sp. (3) R 1 (33) 2 (67) 3 (100) 1 (33) 1 (33) 3 (100) 1 (33) 1 (33) 1 (33) 1 (33) 1 (33)
 N. gonorrhoeae (12) R 5 (42) 7 (58) 6 (50) 7 (58) 2 (17) 9 (75) 8 (67) 9 (75) 9 (75) 9 (75)
 N. meningitidis (2) R 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50) 0 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50)
 Total (171) R 104 (60) 127 (74) 157 (100) 80 (47) 116 (68) 70 (41) 98 (57) 105 (61) 110 (64) 80 (47) 94 (55)
          CL
n (%)
VAN
n (%)
P
n (%)
ERY
n (%)
G+ isolates
 S. aureus (41) R 30 (73) 26 (63) 41 (100) 20 (49) 18 (44) 15 (37) 23 (56) 22 (54) 5 (12) 15 (37) 17 (42)
 S. pyogenes (18) R 15 (83) 14 (78) 18 (100) 13 (72) 14 (78) 10 (56) 12 (67) 11 (61) 4 (22) 6 (33) 8 (44)
 S. pneumoniae (10) R 6 (60) 7 (70) 10 (100) 5 (50) 6 (60) 4 (40) 4 (40) 6 (60) 2 (20) 3 (30) 2 (20)
 Total (69) R 41 (59) 47 (68) 69 (100) 38 (55) 38 (55) 29 (42) 39 (57) 39 (57) 11 (16) 24 (35) 27 (39)
  1. R% resistance rate, NOR norfloxacin, TET tetracycline, AMP ampicillin, CIP ciprofloxacin, SXT trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, CRO ceftriaxone, CHF chloramphenicol, DOX doxycycline, CN gentamicin, AMC amoxicillin clavulanic acid, AMO amoxicillin, CL clindamycin, VAN vancomycin, P penicillin, ERY erythromycin