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Table 2 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis for the prevalence of khat chewing among Jimma university staff, Jimma, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Khat chewing prevalence and correlates among university staff in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Khat chewing Odds ratio
Yes No COR AOR
N (%) N (%) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 87 (51.5) 82 (48.5) 2.32 (1.51–3.58) 2.66 (1.52–4.68)*
 Female 58 (31.4) 127 (68.6) 1 1
Age in years
 18–24 16 (22.5) 55 (77.5) 4.38 (1.66–11.50) 1.41 (0.38–5.30)
 25–34 96 (43.1) 127 (56.9) 1.68 (0.73–3.87) 0.76 (0.24–2.44)
 35–44 19 (54.3) 16 (45.7) 1.07 (0.38–3.01) 1.03 (0.26–4.04)
 ≥ 45 56 (56.0) 11 (44.0) 1 1
Marital status
 Married 68 (41.0) 98 (59.0) 1 1
 Single 57 (36.1) 101 (63.9) 1.23 (0.79–1.93) 1.74 (0.97–3.14)
 Divorced 11 (57.9) 8 (42.1) 0.50 (0.19–1.32) 0.82 (0.24–2.80)
 Widowed 9 (81.8) 2 (18.2) 0.115 (0.03–0.74) 0.34 (0.05–2.29)
Education level
 Secondary 11 (29.7) 26 (70.3) 3.15 (1.13–8.81) 1.14 (0.33–4.00)
 Diploma 57 (39.9) 86 (60.1) 2.01 (0.89–4.57) 0.64 (0.23–1.78)
 Degree 61 (41.8) 85 (58.2) 1.86 (0.82–4.21) 0.79 (0.29–2.19)
 Masters and above 16 (57.1) 12 (42.9) 1 1
Job satisfaction
 Yes 71 (36.4) 124 (63.6) 1 1
 No 74 (46.5) 85 (53.5) 1.52 (0.99–2.33) 0.79 (0.44–1.41)
Had khat chewing friends
 Yes 66 (56.4) 51 (43.6) 1 1
 No 79 (33.3) 158 (66.67) 0.39 (0.25–0.61) 2.15 (1.18–3.93)*
Alcohol use
 Yes 124 (60.5) 81 (39.5) 1 1
 No 21 (14.1) 128 (85.9) 9.33 (5.44–16.01) 9.02 (4.96–16.42)*
Family history of khat chewing
 Yes 20 (83.3) 4 (16.7) 1 1
 No 125 (37.9) 205 (62.11) 8.2 (2.74–24.54) 4.03 (1.16–13.99)*
  1. * p ≤ 0.05