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Table 1 Chemical composition of the main constituents of the crude oil-like extract and its fractions obtained from dried S. bicolor red leaves

From: Anti-Toxoplasma activity of Sorghum bicolor-derived lipophilic fractions

Compound Hexane-methanol oil-like fraction (%)a Pure hexane fraction (%)b n-Hexane crude oil-like extract (%)c
Ethylformate 0.07 Tr ni
Isobutyric acid 0.04 0.58 ni
Oxalic acid 0.05 nd 7.87
Benzoic acid 11.33 4.68 14.66
Tyrosol 1.40 2.71 1.69
Octanoic acid ni ni 13.95
Cinnamic acid ni ni 3.31
Vanillic acid 2.11 3.88 1.00
Decanoic acid ni nd 2.07
Caffeic acid 0.26 5.08 2.46
Quinic acid ni ni 2.77
Ferulic acid ni 6.78 2.16
n-Hexadecanoic acid ni ni 3.70
Heptanoic acid nd ni 0.49
Myristic acid 0.05 ni 1.33
Nonadecane 0.03 ni ni
Nonadecanoic acid ni ni 8.51
Palmitoleic acid ni ni 1.85
Indole-3-acetic acid ni ni 0.88
Apigenin 31.27 ni 0.75
Naringenin 2.71 0.97 0.16
Gamma-Linoleic acid 1.26 ni 0.40
Linoleic acid 1.26 0.19 1.08
Stearic acid ni ni 2.27
Luteolin 25.28 2.91 9.40
Gadoleic acid nd ni 0.91
Malvidin nd ni 0.62
Carsonic acid nd ni 0.66
Rosmanol nd ni 0.65
Malic acid nd 7.86 ni
Ethylpropionate nd 1.94 0.06
Caproic acid nd 7.13 Tr
Alpha-thujene nd 4.32 Tr
3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid nd 4.11 Tr
Alpha-terpineol 0.06 3.10 Tr
Hydroxytyrosol 0.96 ni Tr
Nonanoic acid n/i 3.10 Tr
Undecylic acid n/i 0.87 Tr
Jasmonic acid 0.74 22.93 Tr
9,10 di-Jasmonic acid nd 1.74 Tr
Tridecylic acid n/i 0.97 Tr
Nonane n/i 9.88 Tr
Palmitic acid 0.88 0.78 Tr
Hesperidin n/i 0.97 Tr
Citronellal 0.02 nd Tr
Pelargonic acid 0.01 nd Tr
Eugenol 3.25 nd Tr
Coumaric acid 0.77 nd Tr
Apigeninidin 0.05 nd Tr
Lignoceric acid 0.80 nd Tr
Alpha-linoleic acid 0.38 nd Tr
Epicatechin 1.37 nd Tr
Catechin 0.04 nd Tr
EPA 1.78 nd Tr
Arachidonic acid 9.57 nd Tr
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid 0.58 nd Tr
Coumaric acid hexoside 0.51 nd Tr
DHA 0.10 nd ni
Campesterol 0.05 nd ni
Ellagic acid hexoside 0.03 nd ni
Ellagic acid pentoside 0.07 nd ni
Epicatechin 3-O-gallate 0.07 nd ni
Valoneic acid dilactone 0.06 nd ni
Quercetin pentoside 0.24 nd ni
  1. nd not determined, ni not identified, Tr trace amount, a of 3.0 mg/mL, b of 6.8 mg/mL and c of 6.6 mg/mL