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Table 2 Participants’ demographic and clinical characteristics at baseline

From: Alterations of mental defeat and cognitive flexibility during cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with major depressive disorder: a single-arm pilot study

Variable Patients Control group Statistics
n (men/women) 18 (7/11) 33 (13/20) X2(1) = .001, p = .972
Age (years), mean (SD) 37.89 (11.74) 37.91 (11.05) t(49) = .006, p = .995
Marital status, n (%)
 Single 10 (55.56)   
 Married 8 (44.44)   
 Divorced 0 (0)   
Educational background, n (%)
 Finished secondary 1 (5.56)   
 Finished tertiary 17 (94.44)   
Years of education, mean (SD) 15.89 (1.56)   
Employment status, n (%)
 Employed full-time 4 (22.22)   
 Sick leave from work 2 (11.11)   
 Full-time student 0 (0)   
 Sick leave from school 1 (5.56)   
 Part-time/homemaker 8 (44.44)   
 Unemployed 3 (16.67)   
Medical history, n (%) 5 (28)   
Comorbid dysthymic disorder, n (%) (MINI) 0   
Comorbid manic episode, n (%) (MINI) 0   
Comorbid axis I diagnosis, n (%) (MINI)
 None (MDD only) 11 (61.11)   
 Anxiety disorder 6 (33.33)   
 Other (bulimia nervosa) 1 (5.56)   
Age of onset (years), mean (SD) 30.33 (8.13)   
Duration of current depressive episode (years) 3.72   
MDD, single episode 9   
MDD, recurrent episode 9   
Current medication, n (%) 18 (100)   
Score of pre-CBT
 BDI-II mean (SD) 29.89 (5.76) 3.58 (3.38)  
 MDS mean (SD) 55.61 (19.36) 5.79 (9.41)  
 CFS mean (SD) 31.89 (8.92) 50.82 (6.93)  
  1. MDD major depressive disorder, SD standard deviation, MINI Mini International Neurological Interview