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Table 1 gender comparison of patients’ characteristics: event type, PTSD severity categories, CAPS total score, CAPS subscale score, PTSD duration and age at the event

From: Post-traumatic stress disorder in Italy: a comprehensive evaluation of all the ICD comorbidities and gender-related differences

 Females (n = 36)Males (n = 48)Statisticp
Event typea: n (%)
 War events0 (0.00)2 (4.17)  
 Physical violence0 (0.00)1 (2.08)  
 Sexual violence1 (2.77)1 (2.08)  
 Accidents27 (75,00)43 (89,57)  
 Unexpected death of loved one6 (16,67)1 (2.08)  
 Network events2 (5,56)0 (0.00)  
CAPS categoriesa: n (%)
 Slight or sub-threshold4 (11.11)4 (8.33)  
 Moderate6 (16.67)4 (8.33)  
 Severe8 (22.22)18 (37.50)  
 Extreme18 (50.00)22 (45.84)  
CAPS total score (mean ± SD)80.44 ± 30.4276.69 ± 23.11t(63) = 0.5600.538
 CAPS symptoms (mean ± SD)
  Re‐experiencing23.89 ± 9.7122.83 ± 7.56t(82) = 0.5600.560
  Avoidance and numbing31.30 ± 14.3830.00 ± 10.71t(62) = 0.4580.649
  Hyperarousal25.25 ± 8.6424.00 ± 8.04t(82) = 0.6830.497
Duration of PTSD (months; mean ± SD)140.67 ± 146.21167.00 ± 171.19MW U = 783.0000.463
Age at the event (mean ± SD)37.00 ± 13.6437.60 ± 11.69t(82) = − 0.2180.828
  1. CAPS, Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale; MW U, Mann–Whitney U test; PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  2. aNo statistic was used to test the hypothesis of independence between categories (Chi squared), because more than 20% of the expected counts are less than 5 and not all individual expected counts are 1 or greater [19]