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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of risk factors associated with internet gaming disorder (IGD) among secondary school students in rural community, Thailand

From: Prevalence and associated factors of internet gaming disorder among secondary school students in rural community, Thailand: a cross-sectional study

Associated factorsInternet gaming disorderUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
No (n%)Yes (n%)Crude OR95% CIp-valueAdjusted OR95% CIp-value
Age (years): median (Q1–Q3)15.0 (14.0–17.0)14.0 (13.0–16.0)0.900.84–0.970.0040.950.88–1.020.163
Sex        
 Female2541 (96.1)103 (3.9)1.00  1.00  
 Male1935 (93.5)134 (6.5)1.711.31–2.22< 0.0011.431.07–1.910.015
Living with        
 Father and mother4157 (95.3)204 (4.7)1.00  1.00  
 Other396 (91.9)35 (8.1)1.871.43–2.44< 0.0011.671.25–2.240.001
Failed an exam        
 No1453 (95.3)71 (4.7)1.00  1.00  
 Yes3086 (94.9)166 (5.1)1.300.98–1.730.0681.230.90–1.670.194
Restraint of internet usage        
 No2756 (95.2)138 (4.6)1.00  1.00  
 Yes1801 (94.7)101 (5.3)1.120.86–1.460.3991.120.84–1.490.446
Use of online dating        
 No4283 (95.4)208 (4.6)1.00  1.00  
 Yes270 (89.4)32 (10.6)2.441.65–3.61< 0.0011.429.91–2.210.125
School bullying victim        
 No3107 (96.6)111 (3.4)1.00  1.00  
 Yes1440 (91.8)129 (8.2)2.511.93–3.26< 0.0011.571.08–2.300.020
School bully perpetrator        
 No3151 (96.4)119 (3.6)1.00  1.00  
 Yes1395 (92.0)121 (8.0)2.301.77–2.98< 0.0011.190.81–1.750.367
Cyberbullying victim        
 No3557 (95.7)158 (4.3)1.00  1.00  
 Yes971 (92.2)82 (7.8)1.901.44–2.51< 0.0010.950.65–1.390.795
Cyberbully perpetrator        
 No3745 (95.7)168 (4.3)1.00  1.00  
 Yes767 (91.4)72 (8.6)2.091.57–2.79< 0.0011.180.79–1.760.417
Suicidal ideation        
 No4411 (95.0)231 (5.0)1.00  1.00  
 Yes135 (93.8)9 (6.3)1.971.30–2.970.0010.820.51–1.300.391
Depression        
 No3240 (97.5)83 (2.5)1.00  1.00  
 Yes1299 (89.3)156 (10.7)4.693.57–6.17< 0.0011.931.34–2.77< 0.001
Anxiety        
 No2659 (97.8)59 (2.2)1.00  1.00  
 Yes1880 (91.3)180 (8.7)4.323.20–5.82< 0.0011.651.13–2.410.010
Stress        
 No4010 (97.8)128 (3.1)1.00  1.00  
 Yes529 (82.7)111 (17.3)6.575.02–8.61< 0.0013.422.46–4.76< 0.001
Type of school attending        
 Public2860 (94.9)153 (5.1)1.00  1.00  
 Private1705 (95.1)113 (5.5)0.950.73–1.250.7310.960.74–1.340.735
Consumes alcoholic beverages       
 No2615 (95.4)127 (4.6)1.00  1.00  
 Yes1924 (94.5)113 (5.5)1.210.93–1.570.1520.880.65–1.180.390