Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics of study participants across the quartiles (Q) of the dietary phytochemical index (DPI)

From: Dietary phytochemical index and overweight/obesity in children: a cross-sectional study

VariablesDPI quartilesP-value
Total (N = 356)Q1 (N = 89)Q2 (N = 89)Q3 (N = 89)Q4 (N = 89)
Age (years)
 7–8170 (47.8)a37 (21.8)37 (21.8)48 (28.2)48 (28.2)0.14b
 9–10186 (52.2)52 (28)52 (28)41 (22)41 (22)
Sex
 Male190 (53.4)45 (23.7)52 (27.4)44 (23.2)49 (25.8)0.60b
 Female166 (46.6)44 (26.5)37 (22.3)45 (27.1)40 (24.1)
Weight (kg)28.89 ± 5.76c29.72 ± 6.4629.11 ± 5.4928.09 ± 5.4028.63 ± 5.580.27d
Height (cm)127.75 ± 8.25127.79 ± 9.02128.96 ± 7.71126.96 ± 8.26127.28 ± 7.950.39d
Physical activity (score)3.10 ± 0.383.10 ± 0.383.09 ± 0.433.10 ± 0.363.11 ± 0.350.99d
  1. aData are presented as frequency (percentage)
  2. bObtained from the Chi square test
  3. cData are presented as mean ± standard deviation
  4. dObtained from ANOVA