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Table 2 Difference in proportions between LGBT and heterosexual adolescents across personal factors and social adversities experienced in the previous 12 months

From: Prevalence of self-harm among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescents: a comparison of personal and social adversity with a heterosexual sample in Ghana

VariableAdolescent groupDifference in proportions (95% CI for difference)
LGBT (n = 74)Heterosexual (n = 370)
n (%)n (%)
Self-reported self-harm
 Lifetime self-harm35 (47)85 (23)0.24(0.12, 0.36)
 Self-harm in the past 12 months33 (45)65 (18)0.27(0.15, 0.39)
 Suicide in family11 (15)10 (3)0.12(0.04, 0.20)
 Attempted suicide in family14 (19)37 (10)0.09(− 0.01, 0.18)
 Friend suicide12 (16)15 (4)0.12(0.03, 0.21)
 Friend attempted suicide22 (30)39 (11)0.19(0.08, 0.30)
Alcohol and substance use
 Alcohol use35 (47)54 (14)0.33(0.21, 0.45)
 Cigarette smoking16 (21)5 (1)0.20(0.11, 0.29)
 Drug use19 (25)14 (3)0.22(0.12, 0.32)
Family conflict
 Conflict between parents41 (55)153 (41)0.14(0.02, 0.26)
 Conflict with parents28 (37)94 (25)0.12(0.01, 0.24)
Other social problems
 Conflict with friends47 (63)183 (49)0.14(0.02, 0.26)
 Breakup28 (37)76 (20)0.17(0.05, 0.29)
 Difficulty making/keeping friends25 (34)134 (36)− 0.02(− 0.14, 0.09)
 Sexual orientation worry20 (27)10 (3)0.24(0.14, 0.35)
Other problems
 Schoolwork problems24 (32)117 (31)0.1(− 0.11, 0.12)
 Bullying victimisation36 (48)134 (36)0.12(0.00, 0.25)
 Sexual abuse victimisation38 (51)8 (10)0.41(0.38, 0.61)
 Physical abuse victimisation44 (59)148 (40)0.19(0.07, 0.32)
 Trouble with police18 (24)24 (6)0.18(0.08, 0.28)