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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with the newborn’s bath timing

From: Newborn’s first bath: any preferred timing? A pilot study from Lebanon

Variable Group 1
(2 h)
Group 2
(6 h)
Group 3
(24 h)
p between 3 groups
Age of the mother (in years)     0.543
 20–25 7 (13.7%) 8 (15.7%) 4 (17.4%)  
 26–30 22 (43.1%) 14 (27.5%) 7 (30.4%)  
 > 30 22 (43.1%) 29 (56.9%) 12 (52.2%)  
Education level     0.210
 Primary 11 (21.6%) 4 (7.8%) 1 (4.3%)  
 Secondary 6 (11.8%) 9 (17.6%) 4 (17.4%)  
 University 34 (66.7%) 38 (74.5%) 18 (78.3%)  
Profession     0.571
 Unemployed 23 (45.1%) 20 (39.2%) 12 (52.2%)  
 Employed 28 (54.9%) 31 (60.8%) 11 (47.8%)  
Delivery method     0.537
 Normal 32 (62.7%) 31 (60.8%) 17 (73.9%)  
 Cesarean 19 (37.3%) 20 (39.2%) 6 (26.1%)  
Parity     0.899
 1 20 (39.2%) 21 (41.2%) 10 (43.5%)  
 2 21 (41.2%) 17 (33.3%) 9 (39.1%)  
 3 and more 10 (19.6%) 13 (25.5%) 4 (17.4%)  
Skin-to-skin contact mother-baby     0.027
 No 34 (66.7%) 25 (49.0%) 8 (34.8%)  
 Yes 17 (33.3%) 26 (51.0%) 15 (65.2%)  
Incubation     0.795
 No 1 (2.0%) 1 (2.0%) 0 (0%)  
 Yes 50 (98.0%) 50 (98.0%) 23 (100%)  
Mother’s assistance with newborn’s bath      < 0.001
 No 48 (94.1%) 43 (84.3%) 8 (34.8%)  
 Yes 3 (5.9%) 8 (15.7%) 15 (65.2%)  
Vernix caseosa     0.154
 No 26 (51.0%) 32 (62.7%) 17 (73.9%)  
 Yes 25 (49.0%) 19 (37.3%) 6 (26.1%)  
Number of previous pregnancies 2.24 ± 1.24 2.33 ± 1.54 1.96 ± 0.98 0.747
Duration of the mother-baby skin to skin contact 1.71 ± 0.77 1.52 ± 0.70 1.67 ± 0.62 0.579
Incubation time 2.10 ± 0.36 2.18 ± 0.66 1.78 ± 0.52 0.002
  1. Post hoc analysis: skin to skin contact with the mother (group 1 vs 3: p = 0.01); mother’s assistance with newborn’s bath (group 1 vs 3: p < 0.001 and group 2 vs 3: p < 0.001); incubation time (group 1 vs 3: p = 0.002 and group 2 vs 3: p = 0.003)