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Table 2 Clinical symptoms in patients with MAYV and DENV infection confirmed by PCR

From: A silent public health threat: emergence of Mayaro virus and co-infection with Dengue in Peru

Clinical symptoms Total cases
n = 496 (%)
MAYV
n = 86 (%)
Co-infections
Only MAYV
n = 54 (%)
DENV & MAYV
n = 32 (%)
Headache 404 (81.5) 77 (89.5) 51 (94.4) 26 (81.3)
Arthralgia 357 (72.0) 68 (79.1) 42 (77.8) 26 (81.3)
Myalgia 378 (76.2) 68 (79.1) 41 (75.9) 27 (84.4)
Retro-ocular pain 306 (61.7) 62 (72.1) 41 (75.9) 21 (65.6)
Hyporexia 305 (61.5) 56 (65.1) 36 (66.7) 20 (62.5)
Lumbar pain 246 (49.6) 45 (52.3) 29 (53.7) 16 (50)
Nausea/Emesis 226 (45.6) 41 (47.7) 25 (46.3) 16 (50)
Odinophagia 171 (34.5) 31 (36.0) 21 (38.9) 10 (31.3)
Rash 81 (16.3) 11 (12.8) 6 (11.1) 5 (15.6)
Thrombocytopenia 6 (1.2) 2 (2.3) 1 (1.9) 1 (3.1)
Chest pain/dyspnea 20 (4.0) 2 (2.3) 2 (3.7) 0 (0)
Epistaxis 8 (1.6) 2 (2.3) 2 (3.7) 0 (0)
Gingivorraghia 3 (0.6) 2 (2.3) 1 (1.9) 1 (3.1)
Hematocrit increase 5 (1.0) 2 (2.3) 1 (1.9) 1 (3.1)
Petechiae 11 (2.2) 2 (2.3) 0 (0) 2 (6.3)
Lipothymia 3 (0.6) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0)
Sudden decrease in T ° or hypothermia 3 (0.6) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0)
Cold Extremities / cyanosis 2 (0.4) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0)
Hypotension 1 (0.2) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0)
Conjunctival injection 3 (0.6) 1 (1.2) 0 (0) 1 (3.1)
Weak pulse 1 (0.2) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0)
Cough 1 (0.2) 1 (1.2) 0 (0) 1 (3.1)
Persistent vomiting 5 (1.0) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0)
BP differential < 20 MMHg 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Echimoses 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Shaking chills 3 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Hemoptysis 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Altered mental state 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Vaginal bleeding 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Hepatomegaly or jaundice 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Dizziness 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Melena 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)